The Royal Begonia is one of the plants that attract attention to spectacular, bright leaves. It does not lose its color even in winter. But to maintain its decorativeness, some conditions must be performed.
Begonia is a royal genus from the tropics, so in the room she needs to provide comfortable conditions for it. Lighting should be bright, but the rays of the sun should not fall on the leaves. The optimal air temperature is 25 degrees.
In winter, the plant must be left from heat sources to avoid leaf drying. Begonia loves a wet environment, so you can spray water around it or put a pot with a plant into a pallet with a wet clay.
The soil must be loose, lightweight, consisting of ground, peat, sand. The presence of clay in the mixture is unacceptable. Plant tanks should not be large.
For breeding, begonias use methods: seed, shilling, division of rhizomes, leaf reproduction. The latter method is most popular: for a short period, many babies appear, of which beautiful plants grow. For this you need:
· Cut the sheet, cut it across the veins;
· Put it horizontally into the potted ground pot and something slightly add;
· Cut the pot with a sheet of film or glass, periodically controlling it.
Through cuts, the kids will soon turn around. They need to give some more effects, and transplant into small containers.
To multiply begonia with stalling, it is necessary to cut off the escape, put it in a glass with water for rooting. When the roots appear on the cutken, it is also necessary to put in a small pot.
The division of the bush is produced in spring. Plants are separated and embraced each in a separate container. Another way of reproduction - seeds - time consuming and is not popular with flower water.
The care of the Bearing of the Royal is in a timely watering, feeding, trimming of stretched shoots, transplant. These cuttings can be used to breed the plant.
Watering should be moderate, as the soil drying. In winter, soil moisturizing is significantly reduced.
Starting from the spring, the begonia must be picked up with complex fertilizers periodicity 1 time in 2 weeks.
Pruning is required for rejuvenation, giving the bustling of the neat species, stimulating the growth of lateral shoots and flowering. The transplant is made every spring in the pot, the volume is a little more than the previous one.
In general, the flower is not very capricious and, following the care guidelines, you can get a beautiful, decoratively deciduous plant on your windowsill.
Royal Royal (Begonia Rex. ), one of the most striking representatives in a series of decorative-deciduous plants. It will be eagerly grown both experienced amateur flower and beginners. After all, beyond the fact that Begonia is a very beautiful and spectacular plant, care for it at home is very simple and easy.
As for the decorative qualities of the royal begonia, it is not for nothing wearing such a high title. Unlike his relative -Begonia Togonya
, distinguished by magnificent blossom, Begonia Royal does not bloom at all, but on the beauty of the leaves, she will give one hundred points ahead with many indoor flowering plants. Moreover, it is different and a variety of forms of leaves, their shades and patterns.
How to care for the Royal Begonia
Like each decorative deciduous plant, having a motley leaves, this begonia is required sufficient lighting. It should be noted that light shading does not particularly affect the motley of the leaves of the royal begonia. This means that it is not necessary to put it on the windowsill. Enough to put the plant on a well-lit place. There begonia and will get enough light, and will not expose to burning sunlight, which can cause serious damage to the flower. At the same time, the lack of light discoliates the leaves will make them flexible and unpleasant. If you still want to put the Royal Begonia on the windowsill, then give preference to the eastern or western windows. There it will be less susceptible to sunlight.
Begonia Plants are thermal-loving, like all the indigenous inhabitants of the tropics. But, nevertheless, it gives preference to moderate temperatures. For all begonia varieties adapted to grow at home, the most acceptable growing temperature in the summer lies within + 18-23 degrees. But this is not a dogma. Small deviations in thermal mode will not harm it. If there is an opportunity, then for the entire warm period, move it to fresh air.
Note. Royal Begonia is hard to transfer drafts and dry air. Basically, this refers to the winter period of the plant's life, but in summer.
In winter, the royal begonia has a period of rest. And although it is not expressed clearly, the plant slows down development. During this period, it requires cool wintering. + 15-16 degrees will be normal air temperature for the plant. You can and are somewhat lower, but it is better not to risk, there is a danger of perching the roots of the plant. Usually in winter, the begonia is put on the windowsill, where in most cases, the temperature corresponds to the required. During the wintering of the Royal Begonia on the window sill, place it so that the flower pot is not exposed to cold, and the leaves of the plant did not touch the cold window glass. It is advisable to install a pot on a sheet of foam. From the effects of dry air, emanating from heating batteries, can protect the water container set next to the flower.
Watering and humidity
Allow the soil to dry out in a pot with a royal begonia cannot be. The plant is very hard to transfers the lack of moisture. In the warm season, watered the Royal Begonia should be regularly and abundantly. Be sure to monitor the state of the soil. As soon as the top layer of the soil - water. In winter, watering is reduced, and depends on the temperature of the content. The lower the temperature, the less water. As mentioned - the royal begonia does not like dry air. But traditional sprayings will have to refuse. Moisture getting into the leaves of Begonia leads to the appearance of ugly spots of brown color. If you want to clean the leaves of the plant from dust, you can use a wet sponge or cotton swab. Moisturize the same air can be in different ways. The easiest - put a water container next to the plant so that it evaporates and moistened the air.
More details are humidity for indoor plants.
Once a month, the royal begonia should be filing. For feeding, you can use both mineral and organic fertilizers. You can alternate them. Mineral fertilizers choose fertilizers for decorative deciduous plants. The organic can also be purchased, and can be prepared independently, using the conquered horse or cow manure, diluted with water in a 1: 5 ratio.
Details on the preparation of fertilizers - fertilizers for indoor plants
Note. It is impossible to make fertilizer into dry soil. It is fraught with burns and damage to the root system of begonias. The feeding should be combined with the next watering of the plant. First, watering, and after a couple of hours, feeding.
It is held annually. The main thing is to consider in transplants - Begonia is a very fragile plant and it can be easily damaged. Therefore, in transplants, and any other work related to the care of the Royal Begonia at home, it is necessary to act very accurately. Due to the fact that the root system of plants is superficial, that is, it grows mainly styre, and not to the depth, the pot for it is selected wide and not particularly deep. If the pot is too deep, excess space should be filled with clay. This will reduce its depth, and will serve as excellent drainage. The fact is that the excess earth in the pot can scatter, as the moisture contained in it will not be absorbed by the plant and stammer. And it is very bad. As for the Earth for the Royal Begonia, it should be quite nutritious, but at the same time, easy, well-transmitting air and water. There are many ready-made landcases suitable for transplanting begonias, but it is not difficult to compile it yourself. Sheet land - part; Cherry land - part; Peat - part; Sand coarse-grained or perlite - part. You can add some urban ground from the greenhouse, shallow pine bark, vermiculite, pieces of wood coal. Such supplements will only benefit.
Council. If you have several sorts of king begonias, then you can make interesting compositions, planting them into one pot.
Reproduction of royal begonias
Unfortunately, the year after 4-5, this plant loses its decorative attractiveness, annifies. But there is nothing terrible. Begonia is breeding the royal simply and in several ways. You can divide the rhizomes, root cuttings or leaves, the reproduction of begonias is also practiced by seeds. The most common ways of reproduction of royal begonia - a cutlets and a sheet. These methods allow you to relatively quickly grow a young plant with the preservation of all maternal signs. The fission of rhizomes at first glance is faster and easier, but in this way it is better to share young copies. There is no point in the episode plant. The seed method of breeding is mainly used if there is no mother plant, and begonia is grown from scratch.
Genmonium breeding cerebony
The process is very simple. Shining and rooting is carried out predominantly in the spring. Sliced strong cuttings from the top of the plant can be simply put in a glass with water, and wait for the appearance of the roots. When the roots grow to centimeter length, they can be planted in the ground. But you can also skip the process of growing roots in water, putting them immediately into light earth. Planted cuttings it is desirable to create greenhouse conditions, covering with a transparent cap - a glass jar or a plastic bag. The rooting process can be accelerated using root formation stimulants.
Benching leaf propagation
This method is also popular and easy enough. From one sheet of royal begonia, you can get some young plants. To do this, it must be divided into segments. So that on each segment-triangle there were parts of the vehicles of the plant. In general, this process is very similar to the reproduction of streptocarpus in the same way. Then the parts of the sheet are stacked on the surface of a wet land inner side and slightly pressed for a dense contact with the ground. After that, the container with the parts of the leaf of begonias are covered with a film or glass, and placed in a warm place with bright, but multiple lighting.
Note. Each day, remove the film and ventilate the leaves. Not for long. Up to 15 minutes. Also remove the condensate from the film. Watch out for the moisture content of the Earth, but when moisturizing, avoid water from entering the leaves yourself.
The first sprouts of young royal begonia will appear in a month and a half. Give them a little increasing and grow up, then you can disseminate them separately.
Bearing Begonia Royal - Video
Royal Begonia is one of the most beautiful and original flowers in the world. She is also very often called Begonia "Rex". It has large leaves of a luxurious color, which is simply impossible not to pay attention, in addition, this plant perfectly cleans the air due to its special properties. In this article, let us know more detail with the description of this plant, with popular rates of royal begonia and care. We also consider the reproduction of this flower at home.
The Royal Begonia refers to the Begonian family. Almost all of its varieties are very original asymmetric leaves with an unusual color. In the nature of Begonias, the most common in the rainforests and in the mountains. However, they feel great at home. Room Royal Begonia has a fairly large root system, which is often towers over the soil. The leaves of this plant are wide, have a heart-shaped base and pointed edges. Depending on the variety, the Royal Begonia has a different color of the leaves - from gray-copper to cherry-brown with a special brilliance.
The bloom from the royal begonia is quite modest and even scarce compared to the leaves. It is the leaves and are the main advantage of Begonias.
To date, there are several varieties and types of begonias Rex. Almost all of them can be purchased in specialized stores. But for beginnings, we will consider the most popular species that are in demand from domestic gardeners.
Rediste begonia fist
The variety is one of the most easily accessible to the acquisition of begonias. Its distinctive features are large rounded leaves of a red and green shade. As a rule, this species grows with a small neat and compact bush, rather unpretentious in care.
One of the most non-additive subspecies is the "Cork" Begonia. This plant has a creeping stem and light green pointed leaves with reddish residences on the back.
This variety of begonias has a very original stem of gentle pink color with light-edge, as well as large leaves that resemble the leaves of Borshevik, which is preferably growing in Brazil.
Thanks to the long-term and fruitful work of breeders today, several luxury varieties of royal begonias have been created.
Mini merry christmas.
This black and burgundy hybrid begonia really reminds its leaves cozy Christmas. She applies to the volatile. Its velvet leaves, have enough large bodies, to the edges, a color from a saturated burgundy with white dots goes into black.
Escargot Begonia is not less unique. Thanks to this plant, real tropics can be arranged directly in their home greenhouse. The color of the leaves of this begonia is silver-green, and the drawing on them resembles a spiral or curl. Unlike the previous variety, this begonia is not velvet, and the matte leaves covered with miniature villos. The average value of varietal large-scale begonias, as a rule, no more than 30 centimeters, which is very convenient for indoor cultivation.
We also recommend paying attention to the luxurious royal begonia with pointed cherry and red leaves of Dollar Down. The edging in the leaves of this variety is dark, which creates a very original effect when moving from one shade to another.
Radiating large rich white-green leaves can Griffon's Royal Begonia. It is this hybrid variety that grows more than anyone else, within 40 cm. Despite the fact that it is a selection view, to care for it at home is extremely easy.
Begonia with the original name Dark Mambo has a deep dark color. She received her name for a luxurious and exquisite appearance, which immediately attracts special attention to himself.
Rosovo-black large leaves can be found at the Indian Summer Begonia. This flower actually looks royally.
Begonia Helen Lewis has velvet cream-black leaves with silver enclosures. We will have to taste all fans of exotic.
The Fireworks grade is one of the most beautiful ornamental begonias, which is easy to care for. Its greenish-purple leaves with an angry edging and mantle to touch.
Beleaf Inca Flame.
This varietal begonia Beleaf Inca Flame has saturated bright red leaves.
We also recommend paying attention to the BELEF INCA NIGHT, MORNING DEW and YUKON FROST.
Care for royal begonia at home is not so difficult. The main thing is to know some nuances of watering and feeding, as well as the selection of a suitable place to place the plant. Begonias are fairly light-minded plants, and precisely because they have such a juicy and bright color of the leaves. Therefore, it is not recommended to place them in too darkened areas of residential premises. With a lack of light at any time of the year, the leaves of the plant can be pale and even start drying. At the same time, direct sunlight is advised to avoid. Begonia's leaves are sufficiently tender, with direct effects of UV rays there may be burns on them. In general, an ideal place to accommodate a room plant is a half-length with a sufficient amount of incident light.
Royal Begonia is tropical, and therefore very thermal-loving. Ideal temperature regime for its comfortable growing range from +15 to +25 degrees. Advanced temperatures over 30 degrees and constant drafts are undesirable. In the summer, the pots with begonia can be taken out on fresh air, but not under the open soaping sun. In winter, Begonia can feel great on closed loggias, where the temperature fluctuates in the area + 16-17 degrees.
It is very important to properly water the plant and in any case it does not overflow and not pour, otherwise excess of moisture can lead to serious diseases and discharge of leaves. In the summer, watering should be abundant, the soil drying cannot be allowed. As a rule, in the warm season, it may vary from 2 to 4 times a week, depending on the age of the plant and the container in which it grows. Watering should be carried out with water room temperature, preferably resistant. Excessive humidification of begonias with the help of a spray gun is not recommended. This procedure can be carried out, but not very often.
Velvet leaves of royal begonias very often collect dust from the air, thereby cleaning the room , so they are recommended to wipe them with a wet sponge or not a rigid tissue about once every 2-3 weeks as dirty. When performing any actions with a plant, including watering and cleansing, it is very important to remember that it is very fragile, so making any manipulation follows the most gently and carefully.
To improve the quality of life of the plant, it is recommended to feed it. It can be done once a month or less, but not more often. Finished feeders are best acquired in specialized stores. As preventive measures from diseases and pests, it is possible to use tinkers from the diseases, which not only do not harm the life of the plant, but also serve as a kind of natural feeding.
Specialists recommend transplanting begonia once a year. Rejuvenation can be carried out once every 3 years. It implies landing a new and fresh cutlery, which will further grow and replace the old plant. When transplanting the plant, the first time can be used a capacity of a little more than the previous one, so the plant will feel more comfortable, because it has a fairly developed root system. Pereplain the plant is best in the finished primer with the already selected substrate. With its independent preparation, it is necessary to take a leaf and turf, as well as peat and sand. The substrate can add humus, which allows the soil better to "breathe". And so that the water in the pot is not stored, it is necessary to take care of drainage, which is stacked on the very bottom of the tank.
Begonia is best transplanted not so much in deep tank as wide. So the roots will grow better, and the plant itself will look fresh and healthy. In one large container, you can also plant a few varietal begonias. As a result, a very unusual flower arrangement may turn out.
You can multiply the royal begonia in several ways. Consider each of them in more detail.
- With the help of seeds. This method is not the most popular because it is quite troublesome, and plants from the seed rushes not so much as I would like. Nevertheless, this method is inferior to many others, because the seeds will gain cheaper than everything. Begonia seeds are too small, very much resemble dust. In addition, the germination of them is so low that only breeders and professional gardeners are engaged in breeding seeds, which are not a bit to spend a lot of time.
- Reproduction with rhizomes and tubers. As a rule, breeding varieties of royal begonia rarely determine this method, although it is still used in some cases. It is quite difficult to deal with the root system, because for the best germination of the future flower it is very important to use the part of the root, on which there is a growth kidney, and there are not so much. To roighten the future begonia, it is recommended to use special growth stimulants for this kind of houseplants.
- The easiest and most common method of reproduction - with the help of a sheet or cutlets. Usually, the cuttings are left in a solution of a special solution for rooting or simply in water for several days before the appearance of the first roots, after which it is planted in a mixture of peat and soil, and then covered with glass or film. Every day the substrate with a cutter should be moisturized, after which the gross sprout can already be planted into a separate primer. It is worth doing then when the first little leaves will appear on a young cuticle.
Pests and diseases
Begonia, like any other flower, can be attacked by various pests and insects, as well as root. The following pests are considered dangerous for this plant:
- web tick;
Often insects go to begonia from neighboring plants and very often it is due to the fact that it is already weakened. To combat insects, not only specialized insecticides can be used, but also folk remedies - for example, a solution of economic soap or a decoction of chamomile and wood ash.
Of course, it is not necessary to use a good insecticide for one-time destruction of insects, but also to get involved in such a way. It suffers from not only the plant, but also a person who spans the poison. When using any insecticide, it is very important not to forget about the personal safety technique. All manipulations should be carried out in a protective mask and gloves. As the prevention of diseases and insect attacks, it is very important to properly care for the plant, do not pour it out and not to put under the open sun rays, it is also recommended to regularly ventilate the room with flowers.
As for the disease, Begonia is most often infected:
- gray rot and bacterial;
- Puffy dew.
As a rule, a plant is ill with a lack of vitamins, minerals and microelements that are responsible for the quality growth of the plant. The problem is very often possible to solve feeding. But if we are talking about bacteria and fungi, then the plant is often a good processing to treat special means, and sometimes even remove part of the rotted root. In general, most of the diseases of Begonia is much easier to prevent, rather than in the future heal the patient plant.
Begonia Rex. It is considered one of the most beloved and beautiful colors, which is the same Bearing royal . It is characterized in that it has luxurious leaves of a wide variety of forms and colors: rounded, elongated, oval, heart-shaped, smooth, maple, scaly.
Royal Royal More decorative plant than flower, since there are simply no such on it. The diversity of the forms of leaves, as well as their beauty fill with more than lack of flowering.
Such a huge recognition of the flower water is also used because Begonia is a plant unpretentious with fairly simple departure.
Becaming care at home
Location and illumination
All types of begonia are characterized by the presence of a saturated bright green color of the leaves, which is ensured by a sufficient amount of illumination. With a lack of light, Begonia leaves will lose their bright colors and become pale. At the same time, burns may appear on the leaves of the direct sunlight, on the leaves of Begonias may appear, as a result of which the leaves will begin to curl. In the summer, when the sun's rays have maximum activity, the plant is better pronounced, but in the winter period its place has a southern windowsill, where she will be comfortable. An ideal place where she will suffer is a half.
This is a thermal-loving plant, since it is from the tropics or subtropics. The temperature is optimal from + 16 ° C to + 22 ° C, but in the summer period it does not need absolutely, as well as drafts. Perfectly feels in the fresh air, so it can be taken out to the street, finding a suitable place.
In winter, it should be determined on a warmed balcony or loggia, with a temperature of no more than + 16 ° C. The most important thing at that time is not to harm it with irrigation: as it is dangerous, both overflowing and nothing. When rebupping moisture, Begonia can immediately reset the leaves.
Having determined the begonia to the balcony, it is necessary to install it so that it does not stand close to the cold window. If the root system does not receive the desired amount of heat, then it will stop feeding begonia, and the leaves that will be closer to the warm side quickly dried. The decorative plant will become unattractive, and also long will come to a proper mind.
Watering begonia, especially in the summer, it should be abundantly, otherwise she will not be able to survive the dry soil. As soon as the outer layer of the soil in the pot begins to disperse, it is necessary to pour begonia immediately.
Begonia is not against wet air, but it is not worth spraying it, as brown spots may appear, which will reduce the decorativeness of the plant to zero. To moisten the air around the plant, you can put a pot into the dishes with a moisturized clay or put next to the begonia bucket with water, which will moisturize the air.
Begonias, having large leaves, as a rule, collect a lot of dust. Therefore, once every 2-3 weeks it is desirable, wipe the leaves of the plant with a damp sponge or a cloth.
When carrying out all manipulations with Begonia, it should be remembered that the plant is fragile and with non-accurate movements you can easily begone to harm.
Royal Begonia speaks well to regular, 1 time per month, feeding. For this you can use complex mineral fertilizers. At the same time, a certain technology should be followed, which is that the plant, before making fertilizers, is first watered. Fertilizer on dry roots is not recommended, as it can harm the root system.
Along with mineral, begonia can be fed and organic fertilizers. For this, the conquered horse or cow manure diluted with water is suitable, in the ratio of 1: 5.
Begonia needs an annual transplant and rejuvenation every 3-4 years. In other words, every 3-4 years is a new cutlery, which will subsequently replace the old begonia. Replanting the plant, you can use the purchased soil or prepare it yourself, as it is not difficult. The substrate for planting begonias consists of: 2 parts of the leaf land, 1 part of the turf land and 1 part of peat and coarse river sand. You can add a bark of coniferous trees to the finished substrate, vermiculite, leaf or turf. It will give the opportunity to breathe. At the same time, attention should be paid to the presence of an effective drainage so that water in the container is not stored.
When transplanting should be chosen wide, but not a deep ass. This is associated with the structure of the root system of Begonias.
Alternatively, it is possible to plan several begones of different varieties into one suitable container. As a result, a very original decorative composition can be obtained.
Begonia is a plant that can be multiplied by any available ways: the division of the root system, cuttings and seeds. Sliced cuttings (you can take both stems and leaves), rooted in water with a wet, but loose soil, while you can process them in stimulants of formation of roots. So that the moisture is not evaporated, the cuttings are covered with film.
A very interesting variant of the breeding of begonias by particles of leaves cut into small triangles. At the same time, it is necessary to ensure that the vertex of each triangle contains a vein. After that, the cut-off triangles are tightly pressed against the ground and covered with a film. Film you need to raise for ventilation every day, and in a month you can see, as on the cropped parts of the leaves, new shoots appear. After that, you need to wait for them to grow and transplant for further growth.
To get young plants from the root system, one should separate part of the roots during the transplant and place them in a light substrate. After a certain time, young shoots will appear on the site of landing the root.
Royal Begonia is the perfect decorative deciduous plant for the living room, where many people are going with various energy and with various hidden thoughts. Begonia is able to create an ideal atmosphere for communication, which will allow guests to feel easily and easily.
Flower astrology claims that the forces of Mars affect the leaves of Begonias. Man getting under such forces becomes more decisive in his actions. This room plant transfers the Forces of Mars to Man, and he takes important solutions in the shortest possible time. Transferring to the heavenly energy to a person, Begonia contributes to the development of speatrocards. This decorative plant takes its honorable place from teachers, writers, journalists, politicians, as well as lecturers, where the ability to speak is the main place in the career growth.
Begonia is useful to grow in the family where there is an avid smoker or a pain of bronchial asthma. She not only treats people with respiratory diseases, but also prevents their appearance.
Royal Begonia, despite the seeming unpretentiousness, very painfully reacts to the change in the conditions of content, as well as on non-quality care. During the periods, when the Begonia begins to weaken, uninvited guests are visited, such as a web tick, shield, trips, that they cause a lot of "suffering." If you do not fight with such parasites, then the plant will wage and will have to say goodbye to it. But, beauty is what! What do you need to do in such cases? The easiest way is to manually save begonia from such an invasion, while you need to remove the flowers worthwhile nearby so that there is no contamination. After that, make a water-soap solution and sprinkle a plant along with the leaves. If the case is badly launched, then without processing begonia, insecticide can not do.
Flower-lovers, and simple housewives adore this plant for its original and unique look, which is able to refresh any atmosphere and decorate the interior. At the same time, each type of Boggonia Royal is radically different from its "fellow". The flower pattern is so interesting that it is possible to stand and amazed for a long time, while studying every speck and every drawing, which have absolutely different shades. At the same time, you realize that nature did not stab in relation to Begonias, nor for a time or paint. This flower fascinates at first glance and, at the same time, a great desire appears to grow the same miracle at home.
Despite the unpretentiousness in care, the royal begonia will need to create a number of conditions under which it will grow healthy and delight the owner with its beauty.
Location and lighting
Royal Begonia needs a lot of light, but at the same time direct sunlight can be destructive for it - burns will appear on the leaves and the flower will die. An ideal place for it will be the place in front of the window: the shelf, the table or the cabinet.
Be sure to use Tulle to dispel the light. The sun's rays affect negatively not only on the health of the flower, but also on its appearance. From the overaffect of the sun, the leaves become faded and dried around the edges.
Frequency of watering
Watering requires abundant. When dried up the top layer of soil, the flower should urgently pour. In winter, the amount of irrigation should be reduced, guided by the same rule regarding the soil drying.
The royal begonia due to its origin loves moist air, so the indicator of 50-60% should be followed.
Moisturize air can be several possible ways:
- Spray the air around the flower, avoiding dropping drops on the leaves.
- Share on the pallet wet pebbles or clay. You can also use moss-sphagnum or wetted fabric.
- Purchase an air humidifier and install the required level on it to maintain moisture.
It is necessary to maintain high humidity only in the summer, in winter it is not necessary to do this.
A couple of times a month, the leaves of the plant must be wiped from the accumulated dust using a soft sponge or cloth.
The 18-24 degree thermometer indicator will be optimal for the royal begonia. With an increase in temperature above 26 degrees, the flower may die.
In winter, the flower is better to placed on a warmed balcony, where the air temperature should not fall below +16 degrees.
It is necessary to feed the plant no more than 1 time per month. You can purchase comprehensive mineral fertilizers. Before their use, the flower needs to be carefully moistened.
Organic fertilizers also well affect the royal begonia. For their preparation, it will take horse or cow litter, diluted with water in a 1: 5 ratio.
To transfer a room plant at least 1 time per year in spring time. In order not to harm the plant, when transferring must be guided by a number of rules:
A new pot must be wider than a bush of only 2-3 cm. In diameter. At the same time, the depth must remain the same
Replanting the flower, with roots should be treated very carefully. When withdrawal of plants, the soil must be moisturized and carefully translated by the earth
If this does not work, the old pot will have to gently break. The soil must be prepared in advance, while the transplant capacity should be wide, and not deep. This is due to the rapid growth of the root system in breadth. In one large vase, you can put several varieties of this family at once. The result will delight the owner with the original flower arrangement.
The composition of the soil
Stop the soil is needed as follows:
- A drainage layer consisting of pebbles or claying is placed on the bottom;
- Drainage is sprinkled with a layer of sand or charcoal;
- Stacked soil from peat, leaf and turf;
- The soil surface is carefully moistened and you can plant a flower.
When laying a layer, it should be remembered that the drainage layer should not take more than a third pot, and the substrate is not up to the very edges, but with an indent to a couple of centimeters. When disembarking, the upper part of the root should remain on the surface, otherwise it can be understood.
During flowering, inflorescences are recommended to trim, because Their appearance significantly affects the appearance of the plant - it is depleted, and the leaves lose their appeal.
At the end of the winter period, an active growth occurs with the arrival of spring. By this time, the root of the rhizomes should be prepared, and the young parts of it move to the center of the pot. If you do everything right, then the royal begonia will delight the lush of the leaves and the formation of young shoots.
How to propagate?
The most popular way to breed the royal begonia by leaves or fragments of the stem (cuttings) and seeds.
- Choose a large healthy leaf.
- Cut it with a sharp tool so that the stuffing remains.
- The cut sheet is placed on the glass and make cuts on it in those places where the bodies are held.
- The cut sheet is put on the soil in the container and deepen the pet. The container should be prepared in advance.
- From above, the sheet is pressed by small and non-heavy pebbles.
- The container is covered with film or glass. Thus, it is created miniding.
- The greenhouse is installed in a warm and bright place, the soil periodically moisturizes, preventing the drying of the surface of the soil. Watering spend neatly around the edge of the container so that the leaves do not start.
- In this form, it remains before the appearance of young shoots. After 2-3 weeks, young sprouts will appear from cuts and cherries.
- When shoots grow up to 6-7 cm, they are planted into separate cups.
- As soil use ground for begonias and sand, in proportion 1: 1.
Important! Tool for trimming must be disinfected. For this knife blade, the knife is immersed in medical alcohol for a few minutes .. We suggest you to watch a video about the sheet of leaf:
We suggest you to watch a video about the reproduction sheet:
- Prepare a container and soil as described above.
- Cut the cutlets with a height of about 10 cm.
- Lower leaves Delete.
- It is advisable to process the drug "Kornin" (root growth simulator).
- To make a deepening in the soil and insert a cutlery, bu in the soil around the cutlets.
- Top to cover the cropped plastic bottle.
- About a month later, young shoots will appear.
We offer you to watch a video about the reproduction of begonias with cuttings:
- Prepared container and soil (as described above).
- Before sowing the soil moisturized from the spray gun.
- Gently tweezers need to decompose the seeds, you can slightly pressed into the soil (earth not sprinkled), to cover with a plastic film with a polyethylene film.
- Put a container in a dark place.
- Sowing daily to ventilate.
- After the appearance of germs to rearrange onto a light windowsill.
- After the first leaflets appeared, the plants are searched into separate cups and spray with a zircon solution for better rooting.
Reference! In reproduction of Begonias in miniumpkin, shoots should be told. To do this, open the greenhouse for half an hour daily.
Begonia: Growing Terms, Landing
For landing, it is best to take young, not divided by tuber, 5-6 cm in diameter. They are rounded and above a little apart. Old tubers are larger, flattened with brandy growth from old stems.
Before boarding, the remains of the soil are removed from them and gently cut the mass of the feed roots. Young tubers are sometimes slightly wrinkled, but they are quite suitable for landing.
Extraction is usually beginning from mid-March. They bloom around after 3 months. If there are a lot of tubers, it is advisable to plant them in the boxes. The substrate is a peat with the addition of chalk or the limestone of the membranes at the rate of 50-70 g per bucket of peat.
Landing tubers occurs in the following sequence:
- Boxes are filled with half;
- lay the tubers at a distance of 5-8 cm from each other;
- Pumping the gaps between them so that the tops performed above the surface;
- Peat is slightly seal and moisturized with a solution of full mineral fertilizer. (1-1.5 g per 1 liter).
At first, water during watering should not fall on the central part of the tuber.
Boxes with tubers contain in bright place at a temperature mode 18-22's. On the sunny days, they shape, for which the glass is thrown in the greenhouses. For the period of growing, 3-4 feeders are carried out. The first is 4-5 weeks after landing, followed by 2-3.
It is advisable to alternate feeding with organic and mineral fertilizers. In early May, the boxes are in warm greenhouses, shape and provide good ventilation. About three weeks before landing in the ground, the plants begin to order. Landing into the ground, balcony boxes and containers are carried out only after the end of spring frosts.
The description of the king begonia
The root system is represented by a powerful creeping rhizome.
Stem is meaty, small sizes, dressed with reddish bristles.
Large leaves, asymmetric, pointed, have oblong stiffs and gear edge. Sheet plates have a bright and diverse color, has green, scarlet, crimson, lilac, purple and even silver inclusions. Allowers on the leaves may be allocated in other color.
- Interestingly, the special decorativeness of this plant is caused by certain physical needs:
- Bright coloring and roughness of the leaves increase the temperature of the surface of the sheet plates, helping them to evaporate more moisture. This process contributes to the preparation of nutrient roots and, consequently, the intensive development of the root.
- The asymmetry of the leaves allows the plant is evenly beaten by a sufficient amount of sunlight. Different forms of leaves allow them not to close each other stream of sunlight. Flowers pink and unbroken diameter up to 1 centimeter. Against the background of bright leaves do not carry decorative value. Seeds ripen in small fruits.
Begonia Royal Plant Amazing Decorative:
- He has enough strong creeping roots.
- Stems are very fleshy, relatively small. They are protected by red villis, well released against the background of green stems.
It grows in the mountains and forests of the tropics. The color of the leaves is diverse depending on the varieties. It may be dark cherry tones, copper silver.
At the Boggonia of the Royal Leaves:
- very large;
- Ends pointed;
- The edges of them are gear;
- Puffs leaf slightly oblong.
The decorativeness of the sheet plate gives her bright color. It is usually green with aluminum, purple and sometimes, with silver inclusions of different shapes. Also, veins on the foliage of the plant have contrasting colors.
Of course, all this variety of coloring, roughness to the touch of leaves, we need a plant not only for beauty. Due to these features, the plant increases the surface temperature of the sheet. This contributes to greater evaporation of moisture. So, the roots will get more nutrition, and Begonia will develop well.
The leaves in the plant are located asymmetrically for good lighting with the Sun, which also gives culture more decorativeness.
Begonia flowers are pinkish, small, approximately 1 cm. Diameter and blossom blocked. Fruits ripened have seeds. They can be used in reproduction.
Existing wrecks of royal begonia can always be bought in stores. Flowers prefer to have varieties as follows:
- Large fist begonia, cumulatory, with creeping stem, borshevic, with large foliage;
- Mini Merry Christmas, she has a painted painting;
- DOLLAR DOWN with cherry-red sheets;
- Indian Summer with pink-black large leaves.
It is carried out annually.
If there is no soil for begonia in your store, you can mix 1 share of large sand, peat, delicate land, and add 2 shares of deciduous land.
In order for such a substrate to breathe, it "swells" with the help of vermiculite (small light pebbles, sold in departments with soils), a shallow pine bark. A nutrient will make it a turde or deciduous humus.
To put drainage to the bottom of the pot (large pieces of the same bark, large pebbles, clayzit, broken clay shards). Excess water from irrigation will come here, which will protect the root from the posting.
Since the roots of the plant do not "lie down" deep, buy a shallow pot, but wide. You can take a real "fence", which will fit 2-6 bush at once.
Begonia - the plant is non-conflict, so you can create a catchy composition at once from several varieties (or even species) of this flower.
There are three methods of reproduction of this plant:
- leaf reproduction;
- reproduction of the root system;
- reproduction with stalks.
You will get acquainted with the above methods in more detail.
A healthy and large leaf of begonia takes for reproduction. It must be divided by a sharp knife into several parts in such a way that each of them had a central vehicle.
After that, the obtained parts of the sheet plate should be landed into the substrate from sand and peat taken in equal proportions. Slices of leaves can be decomposed on the surface of the soil and sprinkle slightly or stick into the ground with a lower cut to a depth of 1 cm.
After that, the tank with the leaves must be covered with a polyethylene film or glass. After 1-2 months, young shoots will begin to appear.
Division of rhizomes
Roots need to be treated with "heteroacexin" or "corneser". Each obtained part of the plant is planted in a separate pot and watering after planting.
Reproduction with stalks
Sections need to be treated with a stimulant of root formation. To do this, you can use "corneser" or "heteroaceuxin", after which the cuttings are planted into the soil at a depth of 1-2 cm. The soil should consist of equal parts of sand and substrate for begonia.
After planting the pots are covered with glass or polyethylene. After planting, care should be in regular ventilation, as well as humidification of the soil from the sprayer, if necessary. Glass is cleaned with pots when young leaves will appear.
Begonia Home and Grade, Photo
Decoratively deciduous varieties of begonias attract their original asymmetric leaves, their interesting, unusual coloring. Blooming begonia varieties that are divided into tuber, evergreen and bushy, please the eyes with the splendor of flowers similar in shape on roses, cloves or peonies. The most popular with begonia lovers the following types.
Street begonia, giving simple or terry flowers - white, yellow, orange, pink and bright red. Often, petals are painted in two colors or have a border along the edges. Flowers from the tube begonia are large, 5-15 centimeters in diameter, externally similar to peonies, carnations or roses.
Elegant begonia related to bush. She has bright glossy leaves, reddish-greenish shades, a variety of small flowers painted from white to bright red. It is possible to grown in the open soil, but it only blooms at home all year round.
Ampelny tubing, suitable for vertical landscaping: Long shoots (up to 50 centimeters) are covered with small multi-colored - orange, white, crimson or yellow flowers, without tired of the whole growing season.
Elastira - a hybrid of tubening with subtle escapes for which the support is necessary. Flowers in autumn and winter white, yellow, orange and red flowers up to 5 centimeters in diameter. The greatest popularity of begonias enjoy varieties that differ in the greatest decorativeness.
Coral begonia of two varieties of disturbing flowers - pink or red-orange. In height, they reach up to 90 cm, multiplied with stalling, lifetime for five years, after which the plant requires radical rejuvenation or a complete replacement.
Begonia Griffin, growing up to 40 centimeters, winner of magnificent major highly decorative leaves. It looks great next to other begonias as a contrast.
Begonia Rex, low - up to 25 centimeters - a royal begonia hybrid. She has small and inconspicuous flowers, but stunning beauty of the leaves of pink, silver, red color. Propagated by stalling or dividing the bush.
Begonia is a redtar, a low plant with a thick stem pinned to the ground, large leaves whose lower side is painted in red. Flowers are small, gently pink.
Begonia collar, or cuff, with light green leaves, with a tender edge at the edges. It is also interesting to the fact that the blooming of it falls on the winter - bright pink beautiful brushes of small flowerflowers. Methods of breeding - shilling, dividing the bush.
Begonia metallic, in which the upper side of the leaves is covered with metal dust. One of the few for which acidic or weakly acidic soil is needed. Grow up to 90 cm. The method of reproduction is leaf cuttings.
Begonia Bauer, dwarf plant up to 10 centimeters height. It has decorative leaves that serve as a breeding base. Begonia Tiger, beautiful brownish-olive leaves covered with green spots. Lover of bright scattered light.
b. Bowerae (Tiger)
Begonia Cleopatra with large dark green leaves on high burgundy cuttings. Grow up to 35 centimeters. For good uniform growth, it needs to be regularly rotated around its axis.
Lucerne Begonia with highly decorative leaves of dark green color covered with silver spots. Abundantly blooms with pale pink flowers for a long time.
Begonia Pendula, evergreen hybrid, blooms with bright colors. Breaks up with stalling and seeds.
Royal Begonia is decoratively, with large inhomogeneous painted leaves reaching 30 centimeters in length, the most diverse shape. Flower, justifying the name of the coloring leaves - purple with a white-green edge border. It has increased cultivation temperature - 20-25 degrees. Propagated by leaves in spring time.
Begonia yellow, tube, richly blooming, with decorative leaves. There are several varieties that differ in coloring flowers: white, pink, red, yellow with border.
Growing and care
First of all, Begonia Rex loves warm rooms, in which the temperature does not fall below 18 degrees, and even better - always above twenty. In addition to the winter period, when, on the contrary, the plants acclimatization is better in the cool room (up to 16 degrees). And although in the tropics and subtropics, from where they come from, frequent thunderstorms and storm, avoid blowing the room with begonias, otherwise the flower can stumble. All the above conditions will perfectly fit a glazed loggia, or a balcony with insulation.
The location also relates to the factor as far as the room is highlighted. The heroes of our article love the sunlight, otherwise their foliage acquires a pale shade.
Video about Begonia Royal
The care of the royal begonia requires daily irrigation, especially abundant in the summer. Each time the upper layer of the soil in a sprinkle to the touch becomes dry, water it. If the room is cold, only then watering can be reduced to a minimum. Since Begonia keeps dust, often wipe the plant to the plant with a dry cloth, but spray, as a wet cloth, it is not worth it, it harms the leaves.
Care for royal begonia requires daily irrigation
But what if the leaves of the plant also need moisture? To properly moisten the air, near Begonias you need to position the water-filled container. More aesthetic options with a decorative fountain, or a pallet with a wet clay. The latter needs to be located under a vasion.
From fertilizers for begonias, Rex at home is best fit both mineral and organic. Just do not put them in a dry ground, otherwise the roots will be dying, and the flower can die. Therefore, feeding should be preparing a standard irrigation.
The pot must be spacious, but not too deep
Although special soil for this type of plants is sold in stores, you can decide that it will make a suitable soil saving yourself. In this case, mix the river sand, peat, leaf and turf, in proportion 1: 1: 1: 1. For improved aeration, a small amount of vermiculite is added to the mixture or squirrel-based grounding. Provide high-quality drainage, otherwise the roots of the flower can start refusing.
Light: Depending on the variety (there are varieties, more resistant to the bright summer sun than others). In room conditions, a bright scattered light is suitable.
Temperature: for normal flowering, depending on the variety, usually at least 10 ° C.
Watering: in the summer regular, without peasing. During rest, the substrate with the wintering tubers occasionally moisturizes.
Air humidity: preferably increased. For plants lined in capacity, spraying is recommended.
Undercalink: In order for the begonia to develop foliage, they need to be seeded for seven days in the interval for seven days, and then a complete complex fertilizer with a low content of nitrogen.
Trimming: fast-growing ampel begonias pinch to form lateral shoots.
People's period: in winter. It is advisable to store tubers in the sand or peat, at temperatures about 12 ° C. The rest period lasts about 3-3.5 months
To avoid tuber drying, occasionally the substrate is carefully moistened.
Transplant: Every year at the end of the rest period.
Reproduction: tubers, cuttings, seeds (less often).
In addition, there are approximately 1 thousand species in nature, there are also about 2 thousand hybrids of this plant. In connection with this fact, averaged description of this plant simply simply does not exist. Plus, such plants in a variety of classifications are divided into decorative-deciduous and decorative and blooming, evergreen and decorative, annuals and perennials, tall and sharpening, tuber and rhizons. Flowers Fans grow in homework a huge many kinds of begonias, and for all they need to be careful when cultivating at home is approximately the same.
Royal Begonia - how to care for disease detection
Pretty gentle our royal begonia. Care at home when disease detection requires relevant knowledge. The following problems are quite well acquainted with experienced gardeners, and ordinary flowers lovers, but not everyone knows how to be with them:
- Flowers do not appear. This problem occurs in the event of an overdose by feeding, with a lack of light or moisture (including in the air), noncomfortable for begonias temperature, as well as in drafts.
- Yellow leaves. Plant lacking nutrition or moisture. Normalize watering, fool more often, you can also try to transplant the flower into fresh soil. Sometimes yellowing is caused by pests. Then the transplant can also help, but this should add the procedure for processing the roots with a weak mortar.
- Planting foliage and cuttings. In addition to the reasons listed above, as, for example, an excess of moisture or poor assimilation of fertilizers, the cause of this phenomenon can be both fungus developing in an excessive wet environment. Cut the regular inspection of your green friend. Having discovered rot, remove it, and cut watering. In addition to the fungus, the flower can become a "house" for web ticks (are determined by the characteristic thinner of the cob) or Tly. In this case, it is enough to treat the flower insecticides of the type "phytodemer" or "carbofos".
Care at home when disease detection requires relevant knowledge
Although Begonia is sometimes quite a whimsical flower, remember: with proper care, it will thank you with a hundredfold, giving aesthetic pleasure and healthy air in the apartment.
Video Pro Care for Begonia Royal
How to multiply begonia
It is easy and easy to do right at home! The most relevant is the production of new begones into light with the help of the bias of foliage. First, a sheet is separated from the plant, after which it is divided into parts of the triangular form. The main condition is the presence of a vein on the top of each. Then each sheet must be pressed to the soil, covering the film from above.
For the aeration of "embryos", the film is cleaned every day, then put in place. It takes a little time, and you see how new shoots germinate from the cropped leaves. It is at this moment that they are already time to transplanted apart from each other.
To obtain the result, the flower should be accurately divided in the transplant process.
In addition to the breeding of the plant with cuttings, the method is also popular by dividing the root. To obtain the result, it should be carefully divided by the flower in the transplant process. Then - just transplant these parts by lung soil. After a few days, new sprouts will be pleased.
Begonia Royal is directly related to the Begonian family. Another name of this variety is Rex. In the people of Begonia Royal received the nickname "frozen ear" or "Napoleon's ear", it was in 1812 during the flight of French troops from Moscow. Indeed, the leaf with its outlines from the bottom of the red side is reminded by a frozen ear.
In nature, this plant can be found in the north-east of India. Height varies from 15 to 40 cm.
The flower is characterized by asymmetric leaves that have a beautiful pattern and unusual color. The color scheme is represented by green-brown shades with silver notes. The sheet form is also different and can be a heart-shaped, round, oval, ulitko-shaped. The edges of the leaves can be carved or wavy and only occasionally solid.
The plant stem is quite large, fleshy, the root system is branched and sometimes stands to the surface.
Why does not blooming benching room at home?
The reasons for which Begonia does not bloom
Most likely, she lacks light, the humidity is reduced, the temperature regime is not suitable or you put it on a draft and moved with fertilizers.
Try to keep your care recommendations, change the location of the flower and the conditions of its content: to stop the windowsill or in the room where the right temperature and no drafts are.
How to make bloom begonia?
To provide long-term and abundant bloom, use the "short light day" reception: over the course of two weeks, it is artificially reduced day day until 9 o'clock, covering begonia with black film. Thus, the process of booking buds is activated. In order for the plant at this time, it accelerates its height in height, it can be seen 2-3 times. Next, the light day revolves twice again. In the winter months, highlighting is also needed.
Compliance with the above-mentioned rules of care will allow as long as possible to enjoy the luxurious beauty of flowering and a charming aroma.
Take care of Begonia and take care of her, then the flower will dissolve buds and smell, pleaseing you gaze and smell!
The original decorative deciduous plant BEGONIA REX, not only beautiful, but also useful. Large pointed leaves have phytoncidal properties, cleaning the air from harmful impurities.
In nature, the royal begonia grows in rainforest East India .
We are used exclusively in bedroom flowering.
For successful cultivation It is important to create optimal conditions. , resembling a warm, wet climate of historical homeland.
Begonia Royal has a thick smaller rhizome, elevating above the surface of the soil.
Leaves - widespread, asymmetric, with heart-shaped base and sharp edges.
Depending on the variety of color varies from bronze-brown with silver stains to a cherry-red with a metal glitter.
When the lower plates dry, explicit traces remain on the rhizome.
Small modest flowers are inferior to decorativeness with spectacular leaves and do not belong to the advantages of the plant.
Types and varieties
At home, for the sake of beautiful foliage, they also grown:
- Begonia is a virtual or fist (scientific name BEGONIA Erythrophylla (Feastii),
- Begonia collar, she is a begonia cant (lat. BEGONIA Manicata),
- Begonia Borshevikoliste (BEGONIA HERACLEIFOLIA),
- Begonia Maculata.
Still, Begonia Rex remains most popular from the decorative and deciduous group of the Begonia. Due to the multifaceted operation of breeders, several varieties have been created. More detailed consideration deserve Mini Merrou Christmas, Escargot, Dollar Down, Grifon, Dark Mambo.
Mini merry christmas.
The hybrid was removed in 1978 by the originator Woodriff. The average value of the raised plant is 30 cm.
The top surface of the leaf velvety, the lower part of the plate is cut by large streaks. The color is changing from the center to the periphery. In the middle of brown, then goes into red and raspberry and white-green to the edge. The most dilapidated begonia variety.
Two-color silver-green leaves swirling spirals resemble snail (Escargot - FRN).
The surface is matte, covered with the smallest Villas. The bustard grows up to 45 cm in diameter and 30 cm in height.
Begonia with cherry-red leaves with dark border. The form of plates is a fan, the size increases from the middle to the edge. The average growth of this variety is 25-30 cm.
Begonia Royal Grifon.
Flipped white green leaves are located on long stiffs. The total value of the plant is 40 cm. In the care of an extremely unpretentious flower.
Begonia Dark Mambo.
Deep dark green leaves looks absolutely black. The reverse side is brown-cherry. The method of growth of plates is spiral.
Begonia Royal: Home Care
So that Royal Begonia deliver a minimum trouble is important to choose the right place. All varieties favorably belong to good lighting, but do not tolerate the scorching sun. Prefer cozy, without drafts place. Successfully grown with sufficient humidity, suffer from drought and replete with excessive irrigation.
Tip! Choose a northeast windowsill for begonia. In the morning, he is covered with straight sunshine, in the afternoon she covers the shadow from the heat.
Optimal thermal regime from spring to autumn +20 0-25 0. At a higher temperature, the plant suffers, and with a long heat perishes.
In winter, you should adhere to at least +15 0. Cold Begonia does not tolerate the same as the heat.
Large leaves of bright coloring need enough light. In the shadow of the cutting stretch up, and the color of the plates becomes uncharacteristic for a variety, from which decorative is lost.
Mute, scattered rays are optimal conditions for begonias.
If the plant is on the south side, it needs to be dialed against direct light. It does not fit the northern direction where the sun is never happening. In the shade of the leaves pale and go up up.
The substrate in the pot must be slightly wet. If the soil dried completely - this is a signal to irrigation.
Caution! Do not arrange the movements between excessive irrigation and drought. Stagnation moisture is more dangerous for the plant than the affected soil. It is impossible to water cold water from the crane, it is better to defend well or boil.
Water so that the water spoke in the pallet, the residues of moisture merge so that the water is not stuffed.
Soil and fertilizer
Can use ready-made soil substrate , for decorative deciduous plants or make it independently from such components:
- Cherry land - 1 part,
- Sheet compost - 1 part,
- Peat lower - ½ part,
- Sand river coarse-grained - ½ parts,
- Wood ash - 1/8 part.
Mix everything thoroughly and sift through garden sieve. If it is not, all lumps will be trapped manually. What is not crushed should be deleted.
For feeding applies fertilizers for room deciduous plants. In the spring you need nitrogen-containing substances. In the middle of summer and in the fall, phosphorus-potash connections are made.
In winter, nutritious additives are not used.
Which pot choose
Bengonies the roots grow into a width more than the depth.
Therefore, the dishes are chosen not high, but with a diameter, no less than 20 cm .
The bottom of the container is laid with drainage material, layer 3 - 5 cm to prevent water stiring.
Choose a spacious pallet, from which excess moisture is easily removed.
All varieties and hybrids of begonias Rex have small, unspireous flowers. That's why the plant is grown Exceptionally due to spectacular leaves. Some flower shakes break the buds so that they do not take away the nutrition in the decorative parts of the plant.
Period of rest
The time when the Royal Begonia requires a minimum of attention, lasts from November to March.
During this period, it is poured once every 1 - 2 times a week.
Attention! In addition to root irrigation, it is important to maintain optimal air humidity.
Enough next to the pot to put a wagon and constantly top up in it.
The full separation of the bush is trying not to conduct. When the bush is overly growing, it is transferred to the larger dishes, they make a transshipment. Begonia grows in one container 2 - 3 years, after which it requires updating.
Sheet and cuttings
The most popular way is a vegetative division.
For it, leaf plates and cuttings are used.
- The prepared material is soaked in a cooreter solution, for example in "Kornvin", for 6 hours.
- Placed in a wet mixture of the bottom and vermiculite peat. You can not cheese, but close tightly.
- Cover the plastic film or transparent lid.
- From time to time to moisturize the substrate.
The sprouted sprouts are separated when 2-3 of the present sheet germinate on them.
The method is troublesome, therefore used only by breeders. Begonia seeds are extremely small, more resemble dust. They have a low germination and demanding on the conditions of germination.
Roots and tubers
The royal begonia is rarely multiplied by this way, it is characteristic of tuber species. If nevertheless, the division of the root system is necessary, it is necessary to remember that only that sliced part germinates where there is a growth kidney. To root the material, cut Discourage growth stimulants.
Diseases and pests
For begonias are dangerous such pathifiers of diseases:
- Gray rot,
- False torment dew
- Bacterial rot.
Source of infection - infected soil and increased humidity. For prevention and control of diseases use fungicides - Oxych, Sorrow, Abiga - Peak et al. If the chemical agents are undesirable, it is better to apply biological preparations, for example Mikosan.
From harmful insects there are tripses on the leaves.
At home, spraying with chemical insecticides is not recommended, spray the actor safe for humans.
The care of the majority of the Boggonias of the royal is the same and is easy. A spectacular plant will be happy to delight unusual beauty for a long time if it is water and feed it on time.
Here are the secrets of Begonia's care experienced flowers:
Begonia Royal or Rex (BEGONIA REX) is rather greenhouse than a houseplant. Only experts or "advanced" lovers can call it simple when careing at home. And it's not about some impossible requirements. Just any retreat from the rules, especially errors made during watering or selection of the substrate, lead to immediate loss of decorativeness, and after a short time - the death of the chesty.
Immediately requires explanation Question: Begonia Coral is really very easy to care. But the royal does not have any relationship. Contrary to the allegations of some "specialists", these are different types.
Begonia Rex in culture is represented by numerous hybrids. All of them are derived from the Assam View in the Northeast Indian state.
What a plant looks like
Royal Begonia refers to a group of rhizomes. Rhizome is a modified fat, meaty escape. In old copies, it is located horizontally, partially discovers or completely located above the surface of the soil.
On the rhizome, there are clearly visible hats from dead leaves. For the earth Begonia Rex clings to the apparent urine roots.
Without trimming, the stem can reach the maximum length of 1-1.5 m. When the places are enough, it is located horizontally, no - "gets out" and dries out of the pot. Sometimes in winter gardens do not shorten the escape, and neatly twist or laid bends.
The growth point is on the tip of the stem, along the rhizome - sleeping kidneys. After flowering, the main escape ceases to grow, but the side appear, that is, begins.
The leaves of the royal begonia are located on long thick stiffs, asymmetric, are divided into two unequal parts of the central vest. The species of the middle and edge of the plate are dark green, the gap is filled with silvery gray spots.
With intensive lighting, bright areas acquire a pink shade.
Own leaves are uneven red, with darker than the main background, convex housing. The reverse side and the edge of the plate, petiole, the stem is covered with rare long hairs.
The hybridization of the royal begonia practically did not affect the flowers, all the attention of breeders was riveted to the leaves. Their length and width varies from 5 to 20 cm.
The edges of the plates are usually gear or wavy, rarely - even, sometimes weakly or deeply dissected. The form of leaves, as can be seen in the photo, it happens:
Monophonic plates at the royal begonia is not found. Even if they seem like this in the photo, you need to read the description or look at the variety in the store. There is surely there is a non-gentle ornament, for example, dark purple on almost black background.
The front surface of the leaves is decorated with strips, splashes, curls, mosaic, stains, cracked pattern. Coloring - the most fantastic combinations of all shades:
The surface of the leaves of the royal hybrids of begonia can be matte or with a metal glitter. When leaving the culture, it is necessary to take into account that the plates are thin, it is easy to rush.
Flowers Royal Begonia in the summer, cute, but not particularly beautiful. Little, pink, collected by loose bunches on stretching stems with a length of about 30 cm, whiskers are clearly not a strong side of the plant.
"Maintenance" blooming begonia depletes bush. Runs with buds are recommended to break as early as possible.
Types and varieties
Based on royal begonias created hundreds of cultivars. All of them have a hybrid origin, a multiple and interspected crossing was used during breeding.
Abel Carriere's oldest grade, has been bred in 1878, has not yet lost popularity.
A medium-sized bush, small leaves, white-salad, with vests for several shades with a darker of the main background.
Boston Cherry Chocolate
One of the most beautiful dark royal begonia is Boston Cherries & Chocolate.
Almost black plates are degraded with small stains of scarlet and silver color.
Royal Pink Deco Pink Begonia is characterized by highly cut medium-sized plates.
The center is a dark brown asterisk.
Original Royal Escargot Begonia has large rounded leaves swirling to the center of snail.
The tip is sharp, the middle and the edge of greenish-olive, through the entire plate in a circle passes a wide silver band.
When creating Begonias, Purple Snow is clearly except the royal, the type of borshevic colors - the edges of blade, deeply cut.
The main background is silver, with purple streaks and kant.
Very beautiful Royal Multicolor Begonia Fireworks, the name is translated as a firework. The leaves are so big that the hosts before buying should think if there is enough space for such a plant.
Plates are space-ovoid, elongated, with sharp tip and large cloths. In the center of the dark olive "spider", the blurred lilac curb, the main background - silver passes around the edge. Dark veins.
Royal Fire-Red Begonia Chicago Fire has a near-black central spot and kant.
Leaves are plumbing, with very small cloths around the edge.
CANCUN CHRISTMAS is a variety with bright green, deserted white spots and spectacles with leaves.
Center, edges - dark purple.
What to do after shopping
Flower Royal Begonia in the fall or in winter it is better not to acquire - it is easy to ruin when delivery home. In extreme cases, you need:
- Ask the seller to wrap the plant along with the pot in several layers of paper.
- Put in a large whole package, inflate.
- Tightly tie the edges so that the air does not go out.
- At home, gradually shoot the courage, then - layer paper. Between each stage should take at least 30 minutes.
Royal Begonia put on quarantine, creating conditions close to the ideal for culture. It must last at least 2 weeks.
If there are no signs of pests or disease on the bush, get the plant from the pot. Depending on the state of the root and substrate make a transplant or transshipment.
How to care for
Royal Begonias are very demanding of care. But the amount of light, heat and water necessary for normal development with different varieties may differ.
Flowers must carefully watch the bush. If it is growing rapidly, the leaves are beautiful, it means that the content of begonia suits. When the flower is sluggish, looks oppressed, you must first adjust watering and lighting.
Royal Begonols are ideal for landing in terrariums.
Requirements for light and temperature
Most varieties need a bright scattered sun at least 6-8 hours a day, but there are royal begonias that retain decorativeness in almost complete shadow. How the specific cultivar will behave, lovers will have to be found experimentally.
The straight rays at noon on the leaves should not fall in any case. They leave burns - ugly whiten stains, often turning into dried areas.
The darker the leaves of the royal begonia, the more the sun need a plant. In winter, the color of the plates can become almost green in the winter, and in the spring again to wake paint.
If the bush is illuminated only on the one hand, the pot needs to be discharged relative to the source of light by 1/4 turns per week.
The best temperature for the royal begonia - 15-20 ° C. Retreats are undesirable, especially since now almost everyone has air conditioning:
- at a temperature of more than 25 ° C or less than 15 ° C growth processes slow down, the plant suffers;
- a minimum that culture can withstand a short time without negative consequences - plus 10 ° C;
- At 4 ° C, the royal begonias die the apparent roots.
The decrease in temperature should be combined with low humidity and reduction of irrigation.
BOOMAN FLORAL 'BOOMAN FLORAL BOOKON FLOROL (BOOMAN FLORAL) called the culture "Cactus wet jungle."
Watering BEGONIA REX is needed very carefully. How to do it, opinions differ even from specialists. They converge in one - the soil should dry between irrigation. In adult copies - approximately the depth of the first phalanx of the index finger.
Fans need to choose one of 2 ways:
- Convenient for transparent pots or babies growing in plastic glasses. How to carry out such watering in conventional containers is incomprehensible. The dry substrate is different from the wet. Water pour into several techniques - slightly wet the ground, waiting for 15-20 minutes. If a light dry plot remained between dark wet layers, a little more fluid is poured under begonia.
- For the second method, a good drainage is important, the size of the lower holes, the permeability of the substrate. When the upper layer of soil is dry by 2-3 cm, the royal begonia is watered so that the water spoke through the bottom holes. The liquid is immediately removed, for some time they follow that the lingering moisture will be accumulated in the pallet. If the substrate is well structured, and the drainage holes are not clogged, there will be no water.
The second way of watering has another essential advantage for royal begonia. Thus, some of the pots of salts are washed out of the pot and soil, which culture does not like very much.
Royal Begonia is not able to fight rigid water. The plant pumps the salt contained in the liquid to the edges of the leaves, where they leave the burn when evaporating moisture.
This factor is crucial when growing royal begonia. Spraying leaves can not be - they tend to heat from any drop of liquid.
Support humidity at the level of 55% or higher help:
- Wet pebbles or clamzit on the pallet;
- soaked with water moss sphagnum between the walls of the pot and caspo;
- household air humidifier;
- The heating season is a wet towel on the radiator next to Begonia.
In winter gardens or terrariums, it is much easier to maintain high humidity than in a residential room.
With normal development, royal begonias grow quickly. Experts recommend:
- Choose for the culture of fertilizer with a complex NPK = 23: 19: 14 or close indicators;
- dilute 4 times stronger than what is written in the instructions;
- give royal begonia from April to Augustus inclusive every 2 weeks;
- In March and September - one time.
Many lovers enjoy conventional shalper feeders for decorative cultures, reducing the concentration twice. In winter, bushes do not feed.
Organic Fertilizers type infusion cowboy, bird litter, banana peeling king benognions are categorically contraindicated.
Beginner flower products believe that pruning rhizable begonias, including royal, is not needed. But over time, the stem is taken off, it is pulled out even with perfect care - the leaves are not eternal, they live for about 3 years, then die away.
To give a bush presentable, the top is cut and used for breeding. Spenting kidneys will be awake on the bare shooting, new leaves will be raised.
Fading plates need to be removed with petioles, otherwise they can bend. Coloros is recommended to break out, as soon as it appears, so as not to take the power in the plant.
Period of rest
If the cultivation conditions of the Royal Begonias are the same than the same, in winter it does not leave, only slows down. At this time, the owners must stop feeding, cutting watering.
But when there is no artificial illumination, and the temperature decreases to 15-18 ° C, some varieties can reset part or all the leaves. This is normal. In the spring they will rise, if the rhizoma is preserved healthy, does not fail in the humid substrate. The task of the owners is to cut the watering even more, but do not allow to dry the apparent roots completely.
Conduct at home
Decorative begonias, including royal, love when they change the soil and pot. If the culture is good to care, it grows quickly, it is necessary to transplant 2-3 times a year.
Choosing a pot
The container for the royal begonia is needed wide and shallow. If you take the rone of the usual shape, most of the drainage is filled with the root system of the plant surface, in the undeveloped soil it easily boots.
Holes in the bottom must be somewhat, and quite large to prevent water stagnation. For landing, you can take wooden beautiful drawers or wicker baskets.
If the substrate is incorrect, the royal begonia will not grow normally, even with perfect content. The finished soil for this species is suitable only made on the basis of the rigoric peat - red, with a fibrous structure. When after opening the package there was a black substrate, it is better to use it for other plants.
Alone to cook the soil to transplant the royal begonia, you can from such components:
- Sheet land - 2 parts;
- sour peat - 2;
- Fully overwhelmed humus - 2;
- Cherry land - 1.
As an additive, you can take pieces of charcoal or chopped sphagnum.
For culture, transshipment is preferred. The full replacement of the soil is done, only when the old is spoiled, how rarely comes - usually the royal begonia has time to die before.
The transplant process, step by step:
- Get a bush from the pot.
- Carefully stretch the earthen com, to remove about 1/3 of the old substrate, straighten up the external apparent roots.
- In a new container, pour drainage, a layer of fresh soil.
- To put the rize, add a substrate and slightly enhanced so that it is at the same depth as before, or slightly lower.
- Carefully moisten the soil along the edge of the pot with a solution of phytosporin.
- Cover with a transparent cap.
- Keep in a warm place in a warm place with high humidity until a new sheet appears.
Methods of breeding
Royal Begonias can be multiplied vegetatively:
- Any part of the rhizome (stem). It is believed that even pieces of 1.5-2 cm are well rooted, but it is better to take a segment at least 5 cm. The cuttings are laid horizontally or put it vertically into a light substrate, slightly pressed, covered with glass or cellophane.
- In reproduction, the sheet can be roasted with a whole or fragments chopped across thick veins.
- It is convenient to breed the royal view of the "lying" plates, pre-taking notches every 2-3 cm along the central and lateral veins.
To root the cuttings is better in a lightweight or fruitless substrate - sand, perlite, peat. In water, vegetative organs are easily rotated, you have to update the sections if healthy fabrics remained.
Problems for growing
Royal Begins suffer from overflows and susceptible to infections. More often than others appear on them:
- Gray rot (Botritis);
- bacterial spot;
- Mildu (false torment dew);
- caused by the moistener rotted roots and leaves.
Treatment - processing of fungicides, for example, Fundazole. Prevention:
- prevention of overflows or water from the vegetative organs;
- good drainage;
- loose, light soil with a stable structure;
- Immediate removal of dead leaves;
- Contents potted, pallet and plant itself clean.
From pests most often found:
- Cellic ticks;
- Slugs may appear in greenhouses or greenhouses.
To eradicate pests, Aktellik is usually used.
The owners of the royal begonia are faced with problems:
- The leaves fall away from the cold or convergence, rot, if both reasons affect the bush at the same time;
- Growth slows down when not enough nutrients or a long time ago there was no transplant;
- Offshine in the center of the bush occurs if the plant is closely;
- Leaves dry, twisted in the heat or dry air;
- The edges of the plates are brown and dry from irrigating hard water;
- Dark vegetative organs become green when light shortage;
- In winter, without the sun, at low temperatures, the leaves can crumble, but in the spring will grow again.
Royal Begonia is a complex plant. But you can keep her home if you create acceptable conditions and follow the rules that will have to be adjusted for each variety. The main thing is to moisten to moderately, not allow temperature fluctuations, entering the leaves of water or direct sun rays.