How to make polymer clay with your own hands: recipes and methods of making at home

A plastic mass based on plastic and polymer particles is called polymer clay. To give color, special pigments are used that do not cause an allergic reaction in contact with the human skin.

Polymer clay is used to create delicate details and complex compositions. In consistency, it resembles ordinary plasticine. In order for finished products to acquire strength, this material is subjected to heat treatment or solar insolation.

The first type of drying is used to create exclusive jewelry. Floral arrangements involve the use of delicate details that can deform strongly when exposed to high temperatures. This is why the flower petals are left to dry on a sunny window.

How to make polymer clay at home? What materials and tools will be needed to create a plastic mass? All the answers to these questions are collected in our detailed guide.

What to make polymer clay with your own hands?

Several substances are used to create a polymer paste. This list includes:

  • Glycerol;
  • Corn and potato starch;
  • Food colorings;
  • Glue.

To obtain the desired consistency, it is important to respect the proportions. If this requirement is neglected, the finished composition may turn out to be too thick or liquid, which in the future will not allow creating exclusive details.

Polymer clay from glue and cornstarch

This method of preparing plastic clay allows you to obtain a commercially available version of the composition. The only drawback of this cooking method is the reduction in size and weight of the finished product.

When making crafts, it is necessary to take into account the fact that the finished composition will be 40% less than the original result. Fast drying of thin parts is considered a positive quality. On average, this will take 1 to 3 hours.

When adding a coloring pigment, special care must be taken. Cornstarch absorbs color quickly, but may cause an allergic reaction if it comes into contact with the skin.

The recipe for polymer clay for crafts from starch and building glue involves the use of the following components:

  • 300 g corn starch;
  • 200 g of glue. Experienced needlewomen recommend choosing building structures. You can purchase this component in the department of a hardware store;
  • 2 tbsp. l. moisturizing oil;
  • 30 drops of lemon juice.

All ingredients must be placed in a heat-resistant bowl. To prevent the mixture from sticking to the metal bottom, it is recommended to choose cookware with a non-stick coating.

A wooden stick is used to mix all substances when heated. It is not recommended to choose metal objects in the form of cutlery.

When glue and starch are heated, a chemical reaction is formed, as a result of which the metal surface changes its color. Protective gloves will help protect the skin of the brushes from the polymer compound.

All ingredients are heated for 10 minutes over low heat. To obtain a uniform consistency, it is necessary to regularly stir all substances with a wooden stick. When the mass begins to thicken, the container with the contents is removed from the fire. To make the composition plastic, add oil to it and continue to mix.

After that, the tabletop is covered with a heat-resistant film. The polymer mixture is carefully laid out on it. The hot composition is continued to mix. The finished clay should have the consistency of a dough. The resulting lump is left to cool completely.

Polymer clay from glue and glycerin

The addition of glycerin will prevent the appearance of fine cracks on the surface of the finished product after it is completely dry. How to make polymer clay with your own hands? To make pasta you will need:

  • Two glasses of white glue;
  • 200 ml of pure water;
  • 3 tablespoons of glycerin;
  • 150 g cornstarch.

For work, you need a metal container with a thick bottom. We mix the adhesive and 150 ml of water. All ingredients are thoroughly mixed with each other until a homogeneous mixture is obtained. The photo of how to make clay shows the sequence of the working process.

After that, boil the composition over low heat for 2 minutes. Mix all substances thoroughly. This manipulation will avoid the appearance of small lumps in the finished clay.

In a separate bowl, mix the cornstarch and water. The resulting liquid is carefully poured into a metal bowl with warmed up glue. Use a wooden spatula to mix all the particles together.

Pour glycerin into the resulting substance. After that, the composition must be laid out on the countertop for further mixing of polymer clay.

To prevent the mass from sticking to the plane, it is recommended to use a little cornstarch. If you need several shades of plastic mixture for work, then you can use food coloring.

It is best to use liquid formulations for the job. Loose components do not mix well.

To prevent the finished polymer clay from cracking after drying, it is wrapped in cling film and placed in the refrigerator. Before starting work, the plastic dough should warm up slightly to room temperature.

How to make a self-hardening paste?

In Latin America, a recipe for polymer clay is widely used for crafts, which gradually hardens after the completion of modeling. To work, you need the following ingredients:

  • 150 ml of water;
  • 1.5 cups starch;
  • 2 tbsp glycerin;
  • 2 tbsp white or wine vinegar;
  • 1 glass of adhesive;
  • Baby cream 2 tbsp.

All substances are placed in non-stick cookware. The water is gently mixed with the cornstarch.

After that, the resulting mixture is gradually heated over a fire for 3 minutes. When the starch is completely dispersed, add a glass of white glue to it. When the mass begins to thicken a little, add white vinegar, baby cream and glycerin to it. All components are thoroughly mixed with each other until a dense consistency is formed.

We spread the finished dough on the countertop and continue to knead it. When the clay has acquired a homogeneous structure, cover it with a soft cloth and leave it to cool completely.

The finished self-hardening paste will have an elastic consistency and lend itself well to sculpting. If, under mechanical action, small cracks form on the surface of the elements, then a few drops of glycerin will help to correct the result. It is recommended to store the modeling dough in the refrigerator at a temperature not lower than 3 degrees.

Durable polymer clay recipe

Instructions on how to make polymer clay for sculpting durable products involves the use of stearic acid, lemon juice and petroleum jelly. These components provide strength to the finished composition, as well as provide elasticity and lightness in the process.

For work, you will need the following substances and tools. These include:

  • PVA construction glue - 1.5 cups;
  • 1/2 tbsp. l. stearic acid;
  • 1⁄2 tbsp lemon juice;
  • 2 tbsp petroleum jelly;
  • 2 tbsp glycerin;
  • 0.5 cups cornstarch

Place lemon juice, stearic acid, petroleum jelly, glycerin and glue in a metal container. To connect all the components with each other, the dishes are put on low heat. During the heating process, the contents of the container are actively stirred with a wooden stick.

The finished modeling dough will separate well from the walls of the metal dish. After that, the mixture must be laid out on the countertop and vigorously kneaded until a homogeneous consistency is obtained.

You can use a little cornstarch to keep the finished polymer clay smooth and not stick to your hands. After that, the dough is left to cool completely and placed in a plastic bag.

How to make polymer clay in the microwave?

This recipe is considered simple and most suitable for beginner needlewomen. You can prepare the composition using the following list of ingredients:

  • 2 tablespoons of petroleum jelly;
  • 300 g corn starch;
  • PVA construction glue -300 g;
  • A spoonful of lemon juice.

All substances are actively mixed with each other and placed in a deep glass bowl. After that, it is recommended to add a couple of drops of lemon juice to the composition and mix the mixture again.

Place the bowl in the microwave and heat for 2 minutes at high heat. After the expiration of time, the container is removed for further mixing of all components.

To obtain a dense consistency, the glass container is re-placed in the microwave for 30 seconds. A dense crust will form on the surface of the composition. It is recommended to delete it.

After that, the finished consistency is applied to a wooden board and actively mixed. It is recommended to grease your hands with a fat baby cream so that the particles of the mixture do not stick.

The finished dough is left to dry completely on a paper towel. This manipulation will remove residual moisture and prevent further cracks in the sculpting process.

Cold porcelain recipe

Cold porcelain is used to sculpt flower arrangements. Finished products dry on their own subject to temperature conditions for 1 day. To prepare the composition you will need:

  • 2 tbsp petroleum jelly;
  • 2.5 tbsp corn starch;
  • 15 grams of baking soda;
  • PVA glue 100 gr.

In a plastic container, mix all the ingredients with each other. Particular attention should be paid to starch and petroleum jelly. Upon contact with each other, a large number of small lumps are formed, which must be mixed well until a dense mixture is formed.

Gradually add baking soda. When the polymer paste begins to thicken a little, we begin to add the adhesive composition. When the mass becomes soft, put it on the table. To prevent the composition from sticking to my hands, I use corn starch.

Some experts recommend lubricating the skin of the hands with a small amount of petroleum jelly. The moistened surface will allow you to quickly mix the composition with an elastic structure.

Cold porcelain for modeling flowers

The recipe for this polymer clay is no different from the previous version. The main difference lies in the proportionality of the ingredients. To work, you need the following components:

  • 2 cups of glue;
  • 2 tablespoons of glycerin;
  • 2 cups corn or potato starch
  • 2 tablespoons of petroleum jelly;
  • A spoonful of lemon juice;
  • A teaspoon of vanillin.

Lemon juice is mixed with vanilla. In a separate container, glue, glycerin and petroleum jelly are combined. All components must be thoroughly mixed until a homogeneous consistency is formed.

Gradually, starch and lemon juice are added to the bowl. Mix all the ingredients thoroughly with a wooden stick. After that, the mixture is placed in the microwave.

When the composition begins to thicken, it is laid out on the countertop and kneaded well until a dense dough is formed. It is recommended to cool cold porcelain at room temperature. The surface is thoroughly lubricated with petroleum jelly and the finished paste is placed in a plastic wrap.

Specialist recommendations

Tips for using and storing polymer clay help you make quality products that can last a long time. They include:

It is recommended to lubricate the surface of the hands with a fat baby cream. Such a requirement will help prevent the occurrence of an allergic reaction and adhesion of polymer particles.

For dyeing polymer clay, it is recommended to use liquid dyes, which are added before kneading.

Cold porcelain finished products are dyed with dry dyes. For work, use a fluffy brush.

To make products from cold porcelain different in their unusual look, you can use sequins or small glitters.

If you use potato starch instead of corn starch for work, then the finished polymer paste turns out to be denser. In the process of sculpting, the elements should be thin.

If the clay after a while has become tough, then a few drops of glycerin or petroleum jelly will help to give it plasticity.

Photo tips how to make polymer clay

Creative people may be interested in polymer clay as a material for making crafts. You can make beautiful figurines, keychains, dishes, pendants, bracelets, beads, earrings and other items from it. Such clay comes in a variety of colors, it is malleable, it is easy to sculpt from it, and the result is comparable to the things from the store. You can make an analogue of polymer raw materials yourself from simple components without using special tools.

Composition and properties of finished polymer clay

Polymer clay (the so-called plastic) is made from polyvinyl chloride, which has good absorbent properties, which increase when heated. Plasticizers are added to polymer clay - phthalates in the form of fatty transparent liquids, the particles of which, upon contact with PVC during heating, swell, consolidate and form a homogeneous composition. The higher the concentration of the plasticizer, the softer and more plastic the mass is.

To obtain the desired pigment, special dyes compatible with polyvinyl chloride are added to polymer clay. Talc, chalk or kaolin are used as fillers and surface modifiers. Stabilizers are also added to the mass to prevent the process of gelation and hardening.

The main property of polymer clay is plasticity. It resembles plasticine, but unlike the latter, it hardens when heated to 100-130 degrees (in an apartment, you can use an oven or microwave for this purpose). After hardening, the mass, if desired, is painted with acrylic paints. The hardened elements can be glued to each other or to other objects.

When working with baked polymer clay, safety precautions should be followed. It is advisable to wear gloves, and if they are not available, wash your hands more often. It is recommended to bake products separately from products; it is better to use a separate oven for this. If this is not possible, you need to thoroughly wash the oven or microwave after cooking the clay. If the mass is burnt, it is necessary to quickly ventilate the room and leave it until the smell disappears completely. Otherwise, acute poisoning may occur, since a toxic gas is released from polyvinyl chloride during combustion.

Glue, starch, oil and lemon juice

You can make an analogue of a store product from ordinary starch and PVA glue. It should be borne in mind that such "clay" dries quickly (in 24 hours) and loses up to 30% of the original volume. To create such a plastic, you will need the following components:

  • corn starch - 0.2 kg;
  • PVA glue - 0.18 kg;
  • baby oil - 4 tsp;
  • lemon juice - 2 tsp

For work, you will also need vinyl gloves and utensils for preparing the mass. Pour the starch into the prepared dish, pour out the glue, mix, then pour in the oil and citrus juice. Stir again until a homogeneous consistency is obtained. Put on low heat, keep until a puree mass is reached. Remove from heat, add 1 tsp. butter, stir and put on the table. When the "clay" has cooled down, you can sculpt figures or decorations from it.

Mineral oil and even motor oil are suitable instead of baby oil. The prepared mixture is placed sealed in plastic wrap or a vacuum bag in the refrigerator to slow down its drying.

There is another recipe based on glue and starch. It requires 100 ml of PVA, 100 g of potato starch, 2 tsp. cosmetic oil and 1 tsp. fatty cream (for example, massage "Alice" or "Nivea"). The cream is also needed to lubricate the board for kneading the "dough", and it is better to do this in advance. Preparing homemade clay composition:

  1. put a clean, dry jar in a water bath and pour glue into it;
  2. add cream quickly, stir;
  3. introduce oil;
  4. add starch gradually.

If a tighter mass is required, from which extra strong products are obtained, the starch is added 5-10 seconds after the oil. The mass should be stirred continuously, and when it curdles and begins to gather into a lump, it should be removed from the heat and placed on a board greased with cream. Knead like dough, wearing strong gloves. When the "dough" cools down a little, roll it into a ball. If folds and cracks appear on the ball, knead it again so that the lump turns out to be smooth. Grease it with cream and leave on the table for 1 hour.

Crafts can be sculpted from the cooled mass. For storage, wrap it in a plastic bag, letting air out of it and securing it with an elastic band to avoid winding. You can store the mass for up to 2 months in a cool, dark place.

Glycerin recipe

Glycerin in plastics will help prevent cracking in finished products. For such a recipe, you will need 2 glasses of PVA, 50 ml of water, 2 tbsp. l. glycerin, 100 g of corn starch. For cooking, prepare a heat-resistant container with a non-stick coating. They mix liquid with glue in it and boil for 2 minutes, stirring constantly. Then the fire is turned off, corn starch soaked in 100 ml of water is added to the mixture, mixed, then glycerin is poured in and mixed again. While the mass cools down, cover the pan with a lid.

Put the prepared mass on a table sprinkled with cornstarch, knead well. Add more starch until the dough stops sticking to your hands. When the "clay" becomes elastic and soft, you can start working.

Homemade Latin American Clay

Self-hardening modeling paste is made according to a recipe popular in Latin America. To prepare it, you will need 0.5 cups of water, 1 glass of PVA and corn starch, 1.5 tbsp each. l. glycerin, white vinegar and lanolin cream. In a thick-walled saucepan, mix the starch with water and heat until dissolved. PVA is added, then the rest of the components. Put on a low heat, heat the mixture until it stops sticking to the walls of the dishes. When this happens, quickly remove from the stove and knead the dough. If you overexpose the mass on fire, it will become tough.

A ball is formed from the hot mixed "clay" and covered with a damp towel. Figures or decorations are made from the cooled dough. If you plan on making your craft later, it is recommended to put the plastic in the refrigerator in a well-sealed container or bag.

Extra strong composition

Products made of durable homemade clay do not break, even if dropped from a height of 1 m. The composition of such a mass, in addition to glue, starch and glycerin, includes stearic and citric acids, as well as petroleum jelly. The proportions are as follows: 1.5 tbsp. l. petroleum jelly and glycerin, 0.5 tbsp. l. stearic and citric acids, half a glass of corn starch and 1 glass of PVA. All this is mixed in a container, starch is poured last. Then you need to put the mass on fire and stir until it starts to lag behind the walls.

Put the hot plastic on the table, knead for 20 minutes, until it becomes elastic. Allow the dough to cool completely, seal in a vacuum bag and put in the refrigerator for 3 days. After this time, you can start sculpting.

Clay recipe without cooking

To make cold clay without cooking, the master will need 1 tbsp. l. vaseline, 2 tbsp. l. starch (corn or potato), 10 g of soda and PVA glue. First, mix petroleum jelly and starch until smooth, then add baking soda. After that, glue is gradually poured in until the mixture becomes soft. The paste is spread on a work surface sprinkled with starch and kneaded with hands greased with petroleum jelly until a homogeneous elastic mass is obtained.

To make an almost transparent "marshmallow" mass and make thin elements, it is recommended to use corn starch, but if strength is important, potato is more suitable. The recipe for cold plastics at home is quite simple, so it is suitable for beginners.

Microwave plastic

Some craftsmen conduct master classes on making plastic in the microwave at home. This requires only 4 ingredients: petroleum jelly (1 tbsp. L), PVA glue (250 ml), corn starch (250 g), lemon juice (2 tbsp. L.). In a glass dish for the microwave, mix all the components until smooth. Put in the microwave oven for 30 seconds at the maximum temperature. Take out, mix, place in the microwave for another half a minute. The crust formed on top is removed, the "dough" is spread on the table and kneaded for 5 minutes.

The resulting mass is rolled into a sausage and spread on a cotton cloth so that excess moisture is absorbed. The cooled paste is rolled into a bun and put into the refrigerator. If over time the clay has lost its elasticity, it is necessary to add petroleum jelly or a greasy cream without silicone to it, or mix it with a freshly prepared mixture.

How to make homemade colored clay?

You can customize your homemade clay with any color you like using food coloring or oil-based paints. From natural products, cocoa powder or ground coffee is suitable. These components are added before baking, at the stage of mixing the ingredients. It is important not to add too much pigment in order not to alter the properties of the raw material. You can add sparkles, glitters to the mass.

Another method of giving color to plastic items is to coat them with acrylic paints after sculpting and drying. To make the paint last longer and make the product waterproof, it is recommended to cover it with a special transparent varnish.

Pros and cons of DIY polymer clay

The advantages of hand-made colored plastics are in a safer composition compared to industrial ones, which is especially important for creative activities with children. The mass is stored in the refrigerator for a long time without losing its properties. No special tools are required for work. Clay products are quite durable and neat, you can paint them in different colors.

DIY polymer clay is not without its drawbacks. The process of its preparation can be difficult in the first stages. There is a risk of spoiling the dishes, since the mass sticks to the pan and burns strongly if removed from the heat untimely. Homemade clay products can crack and dry out, especially if the dough has not been kneaded well enough.

DIY polymer clay

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Polymer clay is a great thing for creativity and creating a variety of crafts, toys, ornaments at home. Polymer clay from starch and gluePolymer clay is made on the basis of plastic, it is not cheap, and a good way to create it yourself with your own hands. It will be slightly different from the store one, but the crafts from it will become just as beautiful and durable. Do-it-yourself polymer clay, prepared by cooking in a saucepan or cold, then it will be cold porcelain, from which crafts are also made.

Polymer clay from starch and glue

When making crafts from this clay, it should be remembered that it dries out a little faster than the store one. She loses about 30% of her initial weight.

Tools:

  • PVA glue - ¾ glass.
  • Cornstarch - 1 cup
  • Mineral oil - 2 tablespoons.
  • Lemon juice - 1 tablespoon.

Preparation method:

  1. Pour a glass of cornstarch and ¾ glass of PVA glue into a saucepan with a non-stick coating (do not turn on the heat yet).
  2. Stir the ingredients until smooth.
  3. Add lemon juice and mineral oil, mix well.
  4. If you want a certain color of clay, add food coloring at this stage, just a little, so as not to change the texture of the clay.
  5. Turn on the fire, heat the clay over low heat, stirring constantly.
  6. Stir the clay until it resembles mashed potatoes.
  7. Remove the pan from the heat.
  8. Add a little mineral oil to a saucepan and place the clay on the table.
  9. Knead and knead the clay like dough. You need to knead the clay hot, you can wear gloves so as not to burn your hands.
  10. Knead the clay until smooth, then roll it into a ball.
  11. Store sealed clay in the refrigerator.

Helpful hints:

  • If there is no PVA glue, you can use a regular children's artwork, but then the clay will be more liquid.
  • Instead of mineral oil, you can use baby or motor oil (not jelly-like).

Polymer clay made from glycerin and glue

Polymer clay made from glycerin and glue

Glycerin, which is part of polymer clay, will prevent cracks created in the future.

Tools:

  • PVA glue - 2 glasses.
  • Water - ¼ glass + 100 ml.
  • Glycerin - 2 tablespoons.
  • Cornstarch - 100 grams.

Preparation method:

  1. Mix PVA glue and 100 ml of water in a non-stick saucepan.
  2. Boil the mixture for two minutes, constantly stirring.
  3. Remove the pan from the heat.
  4. In a bowl, combine water and cornstarch.
  5. Pour starch and water into a saucepan with glue, mix the mixture thoroughly.
  6. Pour in glycerin, mix.
  7. While the dough hardens, cover it with a lid.
  8. Sprinkle the work surface with cornstarch, lay out the dough and knead well.
  9. Knead the dough by adding cornstarch until it stops sticking to your hands.
  10. Finish kneading the dough when it becomes elastic and soft.

Helpful advice:

To prevent premature drying of the dough, you can wrap it with cling film and put in the refrigerator.

Self-hardening paste recipe

A popular polymer clay recipe often used for crafts in Latin America.

Tools:

  • PVA glue - 1 glass.
  • Water - ½ cup.
  • Cornstarch - 1 cup
  • Glycerin - 1.5 tablespoons.
  • White vinegar - 1.5 tablespoons.
  • Cold cream with lanolin - 1.5 tablespoons.

Preparation method:

  1. In a heavy-bottomed saucepan, mix half a glass of water with 1 cup of cornstarch.
  2. Heat the mixture over low heat until the starch dissolves.
  3. When the starch is gone, add PVA glue.
  4. Add 1.5 tablespoons each of white vinegar, cold cream and glycerin.
  5. Heat the mixture over low heat until it begins to lag behind the sides of the pan and takes shape.
  6. Put the clay on a flat surface and knead it well with your hands.
  7. Cover the clay with a damp cloth and let cool.
  8. When the dough is smooth and smooth, you can use it.
  9. Store in a cool, dark place in an airtight container.

Helpful hints:

  • When the dough begins to lag behind the sides of the pan, it should be immediately removed from the heat; if it overheats, it can become excessively hard.
  • Glycerin can be purchased from the baked goods section.

Durable polymer clay

According to this recipe, polymer clay with your own hands will turn out to be very durable, if you drop an article from it from a height of 1 meter, it will not break.

Tools:

  • PVA glue - 1 glass.
  • Stearic acid - 0.5 tablespoon.
  • Citric acid - 0.5 tablespoon.
  • Vaseline - 1.5 tablespoons.
  • Glycerin - 1.5 tablespoons.
  • Cornstarch - 1/2 cup

Preparation method:

  1. In a saucepan with a non-stick coating, mix half a tablespoon of citric and stearic acid, petroleum jelly and glycerin, PVA glue.
  2. Put all ingredients on low heat.
  3. Pour cornstarch into the pot gradually, stirring continuously.
  4. Knead the clay until it starts to separate from the sides of the pot, even when it is difficult to do so.
  5. Put the clay on a flat surface and knead with your hands for 20 minutes.
  6. During the sculpting process, the clay should become smooth, not sticky and free from lumps.
  7. If after kneading the clay is still a little hot, let it cool, then pack it in an airtight bag, releasing all the air from it.

Helpful hints:

  • It is recommended to sift the starch before adding it and add little by little so that no lumps form.
  • Before making crafts, the clay must dry for at least three days.

Cooking polymer clay in the microwave

An interesting recipe for making clay using the microwave.

Tools:

  • Vaseline - 1 tablespoon.
  • Cornstarch - 250 grams
  • PVA glue - 250 grams.
  • Lemon juice - 2 tablespoons.

Preparation method:

  1. Combine all ingredients in a glass bowl until smooth.
  2. Add lemon juice and stir the mixture.
  3. Place the bowl in the microwave, heat for 30 seconds at maximum temperature.
  4. Stir the contents of the bowl and heat again for 30 seconds.
  5. The crust on the surface of the mass should be removed, it will not be needed.
  6. Lubricate the surface of the board with hand cream, silicone-free and put clay on it.
  7. Knead the mass with quick movements for 5 minutes, until it becomes elastic and plastic.
  8. Roll the mass into a long sausage and place on a cloth so that it absorbs excess moisture.
  9. When the clay is completely cooled, wrap it with cling film and store in the refrigerator.

Helpful hints:

  • You can use food coloring or oil-based paint to add color to the clay.
  • If the clay loses its flexibility over time and becomes difficult to work with, you can add a little petroleum jelly or hand cream to it, or mix it with fresh soft clay.

Cold porcelain without cooking

Plastic material, which is well suited for sculpting, dries within 1 - 2 days.

Tools:

  • Vaseline - 1 tablespoon.
  • Starch - 2 tablespoons.
  • Baking soda - 10 grams
  • PVA glue.

Preparation method:

  1. In a bowl, grind petroleum jelly and starch together until smooth.
  2. Add some baking soda and stir the mixture.
  3. Add PVA glue gradually by 1 teaspoon until the mass becomes soft.
  4. Mix the mixture well and put on the table sprinkled with starch.
  5. Lubricate your hands with petroleum jelly and knead the mass until it becomes homogeneous and plastic.

Helpful hints:

  • Glitter, glitters can be added to cold porcelain to diversify the color palette or mix two portions of different shades.
  • If you use potato starch, the clay will turn out to be denser, if you use corn starch, you can later mold the workpiece thinner and its elements will be more transparent, which is well suited for creating flower petals.

Cold porcelain for flowers

Cold porcelain looks very much like polymer clay; you can mold beautiful flowers and delicate objects from it.

Tools:

  • PVA glue - 1 glass.
  • Glycerin - 1 tablespoon.
  • Starch - 1 cup
  • Vaseline - 1 tablespoon.
  • Citric acid - 1 teaspoon.
  • Vanillin.

Preparation method:

  1. Dilute citric acid in a little water.
  2. Pour the starch with water, mix and add a little vanillin.
  3. Pour glue into a separate bowl, add glycerin and petroleum jelly to it, mix.
  4. Add starch water and citric acid to a bowl, mix until smooth.
  5. Heat the mixture in the microwave, taking out to stir every 20 minutes.
  6. Remove the mixture from the microwonder when everything thickens.
  7. Cover the table with foil, put a lump of the mixture on the surface and begin to knead well.
  8. Cool the porcelain, then make crafts out of it.
  9. Store in a refrigerator in plastic wrap.

Helpful hints:

  • To prevent the mixture from sticking to your hands while stirring, you can grease them with hand cream.
  • To paint the finished porcelain product, it is necessary to apply dry food coloring to the figurine and hold it over the steam from a saucepan or teapot so that the porcelain absorbs the paint on its own.

How to make polymer clay at home

Plastic clay (aka polymer) is a material that is used to create various crafts. If you learn how to work correctly with this material, you will be able to create beautiful decorative elements. It is not necessary to buy a ready-made material for modeling, because you can make it yourself. In our article we will tell you how to make polymer clay at home and describe the process of modeling from the material made.

Clay in its qualities can resemble the plasticine from which we made animals. At the heart of polymer clay are special components that allow you to give the finished material softness and plasticity. Dyes are also added during the manufacture, due to which the required color of the material is obtained.

The made base is suitable for various crafts, for example, you can make a beautiful doll for home collection from polymer clay.

Polymer clay from cornstarch

Many people think that it will not work to make this material for sculpting on their own, it is not. How to make polymer clay at home, megamaster.info will tell you a little below, and now we will list what is needed for manufacturing:

  • 15 grams of fatty cosmetic cream;
  • lemon juice a few spoons;
  • PVA;
  • a pack of cornstarch;
  • you will also need a microwave;
  • temperature-resistant glass container;
  • cling film or bag;
  • plastic spatula.

Now we will tell you, as promised, how to make polymer clay at home. We work according to the following steps:

  1. The first thing to add is the corn powder. Cornstarch Polymer Clay (Step 1)Pour in PVA and add cream. Mix the ingredients, pour in the juice. Mix well again with a blender or mixer. After mixing, there should be a mass without lumps in front of you. We put it in the microwave for half a minute. Heating temperature should be maximum. Cornstarch Polymer Clay (Step 2)
  2. After the end of the time, we take the composition out of the microwave, stir the mixture, and let it cool for half a minute as well. If a film appears on the surface during the heating process, it must be carefully removed.
  3. Next, grease the table surface with cream or petroleum jelly and spread the mixture. A well-kneaded composition, just like with the dough. Mixing time is about five minutes.

All is ready. If necessary, the finished substance can be dyed in any suitable color. For this, various paints are used.

Now you know how to make polymer clay at home. The manufacturing process is not that complicated, but only takes ten minutes of your time.

Salted dough is considered an alternative material.

Potato starch recipe

There is another popular recipe, it has differences in ingredients, but the manufacturing process is almost identical to the first option. The preparation of this recipe is based on boiling and steaming. For work we need:

  • PVA;
  • half a package of potato starch;
  • a spoonful of petroleum jelly or fat cream;
  • two small spoons of liquid baby soap;
  • iron container.

How to make polymer clay at home, which contains potato starch:

Potato Starch Recipe (Step 1)
Potato Starch Recipe (Step 1)
  1. Pour starch into the previously prepared container, pour PVA. Add a cosmetic fat cream (can be replaced with odorless petroleum jelly). We pour in baby soap. Place the consistency in a water bath and cook.
    Potato Starch Recipe (Step 2)
    (Step 2)
  2. The installed container above the water bath must be constantly stirred. And when the composition begins to turn into lumps, it must be removed from the heat, and the contents must be moved as quickly as possible into a container smeared with cream. At the same time, it is important not to stop interfering.
    Potato Starch Recipe (Step 3)
    (Step 3)
  3. If the mixture is not over-exposed, then you can apply it with your hands. Since the composition is not very hot. Finally, you need to determine the readiness of the polymer clay. We roll the ball, if no flaws appear on it, the cooking process is over. The mixture now needs to be wrapped in polyethylene and let it brew for 12 hours.

Further, we recommend that you read the instructions on how to sculpt from polymer clay and make wonderful things. For example, according to this recipe, clay is obtained, which can become the basis for modeling decorative flowers.

Manufacturing without heat treatment

Many people are interested in how to make polymer clay at home without heat treatments. Such a question is relevant, since heating in a water bath or in a microwave is inconvenient for many and during the process it is required to follow safety precautions. The recipe for preparing polymer clay with a cold version is practically the same in the manufacturing technology of the composition, but it has a difference in some ingredients.

To prepare such a recipe, you must have:

  • corn starch one package;
  • PVA;
  • one tablespoon of vaseline oil;
  • two large spoons of petroleum jelly (or replace with hand cream);
  • 20 grams of perfume.

After collecting all the components, you can start manufacturing. By the way, in this case, you can attract your child, it is quite safe, like the modeling itself.

Manufacturing without heat treatment (Step 1)
Manufacturing without heat treatment (Step 1)
  1. Pour glue into the selected dish, add liquid paraffin to it and, if desired, perfume. We mix the composition.
    (Step 2)
    (Step 2)
  2. Next, add a little starch and mix the material. Add corn powder while mixing. Mix thoroughly. Add a fat cream (if not, replace it with petroleum jelly).
    (Step 3)
    (Step 3)
  3. Mix everything and pour out the rest of the starch. Now mix the mixture thoroughly. You can add watercolor paint and get the desired color.

This is how you learned how to make polymer clay at home without heating or boiling anything. To make sure that unusual things, such as a rose, can be made from the material made.

Reasons for poor quality crafts

We figured out how to make polymer clay at home, but often in the process of sculpting from this material, finished products quickly deteriorate. In this case, everyone is guilty of the wrong recipe for preparing the material, but in fact it is not. Such qualities are influenced by many factors, including mistakes that were made in the design of the figures.

Incorrect timing

This factor contributes to the violation of the properties of the manufactured material. As everyone knows, in the process of baking the product in the oven, plasticizers come out of the main composition, and thus the clay craft becomes solid. If the material is not baked, the tenacity will be weak and the finished craft will begin to break. Therefore, experts recommend baking each layer of clay for 20 minutes, so that all the plasticizer will evaporate from the material and the product will become strong. If the time is not the same, the finished product will be fragile and break quickly.

Wrong choice of temperatures

A craft made of polymer clay, which is baked at the wrong temperature setting, becomes fragile after completion. Experts recommend observing the exact temperature regime of baking in this process.

Also note that most kitchen ovens with ovens have an installed thermometer, which has an error in the reading. Basically, the readings differ by 10-20 degrees. Of course, these indicators are not critical for cooking delicious dishes, but for clay crafts, these indicators will carry a large error.

Experts recommend using a special thermometer. Its readings will be more accurate, this is important for finished products.

It is also recommended to let the product cool on its own after baking. Do not take the craft out into the street or pour it with cold water.

Observing these rules for making crafts from made polymer clay, all items will be of high quality.

Processing violations

Often, finished crafts begin to break after heat treatment. Many in this case, sin on low-quality basic material. Of course, another oversight can become the cause of the breakdown, but still, errors were made during processing.

While processing the material, do not apply brute force to the product, and you will succeed.

Improper storage

The last reason that affects the quality of finished polymer clay products is the improper storage conditions of the material. It is not necessary to store prepared polymer clay in the sun; it is also not recommended to store manufactured items in the sun. During such storage, the ingredient that is responsible for the adhesion of the material evaporates.

Proper storage of clay
Proper storage of clay

It is advisable to store the finished substance in an airtight container, which will be placed in the refrigerator. As such an item, you can use plastic bowls or plastic bags. But you should not completely close the container, in the closed state the clay can dry out, unless, of course, it is used immediately after production.

If the polymer clay and the craft itself were made in compliance with all the requirements, you can use it without fear that it will break. Such a product is able to withstand falling to the floor and will serve you for a long time.

As you have seen, making polymer clay at home is not at all difficult, in principle, as well as sculpting various crafts out of it. The main thing in the manufacture is to comply with all requirements.

We recommend that you study the material about polymer clay modeling for beginners

Almost everyone loves to make crafts and various stylish details from clay. And children are very fond of sculpting. Everyone knows what can be made from polymer clay. However, purchased polymer clay is quite an expensive material and buying it in a store is simply not profitable.

There is an opportunity to save money on the purchase, you can make the material for modeling yourself. The ingredients are very easy to find as they are all available. Yes, and you will definitely be sure of the safety of the material when working with a child.

In this article, we will talk about how to make polymer clay at home.

Analogue of starch clay

This version of the sculpting material is based on two main materials - starch and PVA glue. Manufacturing is not difficult, and the ingredients are in any home, and they are not at all expensive. Its properties are extremely similar to natural polymer clay, but when it dries, the volume of the product from it decreases by a third.

When sculpting from this composition, products should be made taking into account this feature. Drying of this material occurs within a day. Let's figure out how to make such polymer clay with your own hands.

Epoxy resin will allow you to expand your capabilities in the manufacture of products; it can be used both independently and for pouring products from polymer clay.

Such a composition is considered the easiest to prepare. The preparation of an analogous composition will require the following components:

  • Corn starch - 200 grams.
  • PVA glue (any will do) - 180 grams.
  • Baby oil - 2 tbsp.
  • Lemon juice - 1 tablespoon
  • Capacity for manufacturing (which is not a pity).
  • Gloves for work.

Let's start preparing an analogue of clay. To begin with, starch is poured into the prepared container and glue is added.

Everything should be thoroughly mixed without heating. Next, oil and lemon juice are added in the specified proportions. Everything is well mixed until completely homogeneous.

Then everything heats up very well and is kept on fire until it reaches a mass similar to mashed potatoes. Remove the container from heating, add another half a tablespoon of oil and put it on the table.

A little more hot mass is well kneaded on the table with your hands. Be sure to wear gloves as the mixture is still hot. After cooling, figures can be made from the resulting composition.

Remember that this mass only repeats all the properties of polymer clay. But it is much cheaper and more natural than the purchased one. Polymer clay contains a wide variety of plastics, which makes it unhealthy. This is just one of the ways to make polymer clay yourself.

Clay analogue based on glycerin

This option is done not only using glycerin, but using petroleum jelly. Vaseline will make the mass even softer and more pliable.

In addition, this composition will be more sticky due to the increase in the amount of glue in the recipe compared to the previous version. It is for this reason that this analogue is done a few days before starting work with it.

So, this analogue of polymer clay will require the following:

  • PVA glue - 220 grams.
  • Corn starch - 200 grams.
  • Vaseline - 1 tablespoon
  • Lemon juice - 2 tablespoons
  • Cream (based on glycerin) - 1 tbsp.
  • Container and gloves.

First, mix the first three ingredients in a bowl. Next, lemon juice is added and the container is placed in the microwave for half a minute. After that, the table or mixing board is covered with glycerin cream.

After the microwave oven, a crust forms on the surface, which is not needed in the process, so it must be thrown away.

Knead the rest of the mass on the surface until the dough is elastic. Then we put the clay on the fabric and wait until all the excess liquid remains in the fabric.

Then the mass is put into the refrigerator for storage until the moment of modeling.

Polymer clay without heating

Another analogue of polymer clay for making at home is even simpler than the previous ones. This composition does not require any cooking or heating.

This composition requires:

  • Corn starch - 200 grams.
  • PVA glue - 220 grams.
  • Vaseline oil - 1 tablespoon
  • Vaseline or fat cream - 2 tablespoons

This option is to mix all the ingredients. In this case, the starch is added last and intervenes very carefully.

An analogue of polymer clay of this composition can be colored in any suitable way.

If the mass cracks when kneading with your hands, add a little cream. There are many more options for how to make polymer clay, but these are the simplest and most popular.

Photo instruction on how to make polymer clay

We also recommend viewing:

Good polymer clay, created at home, is not inferior in quality to store-bought material, but its cost will be much lower.

Before making polymer clay at home, you need to acquire all the components and only then start creating this wonderful material. With the help of polymer clay (also called cold porcelain), you can create a variety of jewelry, souvenirs and other wonderful products.

How to make polymer clay at home

Ingredients:

1 cup (250 g) white PVA glue, 1 cup (250 g) cornstarch, 1 tablespoon of petroleum jelly, 2 tablespoons of lemon juice, 1 tablespoon of hand cream (non-greasy and silicone free).

From this amount, about 350 grams will turn out. plastic mass of white.

Dishes:

Mixing bowl - glass refractory, Plastic spatula, A pad for rolling out the mass, Spoon for stirring the mass, A piece of plastic wrap.

1. Pour starch into a refractory bowl, pour in PVA glue and add petroleum jelly. Mix everything very thoroughly with a spoon.

2. Then add lemon juice (or husky, as in the photo) and stir everything until a plastic homogeneous mass is obtained.

3. Put the bowl in the microwave for 1 minute - maximum power. Stir well after the first 30 seconds. Soak the second 30 seconds and remove from the microwave.

4. Spread the hand cream on the surface, on which you will then spread the mass from a bowl.

5. Take a bowl with a mass. Remove the false solidified crust from the surface (it formed there) and discard it. We only need plastic mass.

6. Poured out the remaining mass on a cream-smeared table.

7. Now knead the mass, as usual kneading the dough. Using a spatula, we scrape everything off the surface. Knead vigorously for 5 minutes, until it becomes pliable and firm.

8. When finished, shape the dough into a thick sausage. We put the sausage on the fabric - it should fit the excess moisture.

9. When the dough is completely cool, wrap it in plastic wrap. The plastic mass is ready to work.

IMPORTANT! You need to store the finished mass in the refrigerator, in a plastic container with a tight lid!

You can make colored plastic. For coloring you can use: aniline dyes for fabric, oil dyes, food dyes. Do not put a lot of paint at once, it is better to add it in portions, gradually, stirring. Each portion of colored plastic should be kept separately wrapped in a plastic bag - all of them should be placed in a plastic container with a tight lid - kept in the refrigerator.

Make polymer clay yourself

Polymer clay is a great thing for creativity and creating a variety of crafts, toys, ornaments at home. Polymer clay is made on the basis of plastic, it is not cheap, and a good way to create it yourself with your own hands. It will be slightly different from the store one, but the crafts from it will become just as beautiful and durable.

Do-it-yourself polymer clay, prepared by cooking in a saucepan or cold, then it will be cold porcelain, from which crafts are also made.

How to make polymer clay at home

Polymer clay from starch and glue

When making crafts from this clay, it should be remembered that it dries out a little faster than the store one. She loses about 30% of her initial weight.

Tools:

  • PVA glue - 1/2 cup.
  • Cornstarch - 1 cup
  • Mineral oil - 2 tablespoons.
  • Lemon juice - 1 tablespoon.

Preparation method:

  1. Pour a glass of cornstarch and 1/2 cup of PVA glue into a non-stick saucepan (do not turn on the fire yet).
  2. Stir the ingredients until smooth.
  3. Add lemon juice and mineral oil, mix well.
  4. If you want a certain color of clay, add food coloring at this stage, just a little, so as not to change the texture of the clay.
  5. Turn on the fire, heat the clay over low heat, stirring constantly.
  6. Stir the clay until it resembles mashed potatoes.
  7. Remove the pan from the heat.
  8. Add a little mineral oil to a saucepan and place the clay on the table. Knead and knead the clay like dough.
  9. You need to knead the clay hot, you can wear gloves so as not to burn your hands.
  10. Knead the clay until smooth, then roll it into a ball.
  11. Store sealed clay in the refrigerator.

Helpful hints:

  • If there is no PVA glue, you can use a regular children's artwork, but then the clay will be more liquid.
  • Instead of mineral oil, you can use baby or motor oil (not jelly-like).

Make polymer clay yourself

Glycerin, which is part of polymer clay, will prevent cracks created in the future.

How to make polymer clay at home

Polymer clay made from glycerin and glue

Tools:

  • PVA glue - 2 glasses.
  • Water - 1/4 cup + 100 ml.
  • Glycerin - 2 tablespoons.
  • Cornstarch - 100 grams.

Preparation method:

  1. Mix PVA glue and 100 ml of water in a non-stick saucepan.
  2. Boil the mixture for two minutes, constantly stirring.
  3. Remove the pan from the heat.
  4. In a bowl, combine water and cornstarch.
  5. Pour starch and water into a saucepan with glue, mix the mixture thoroughly.
  6. Pour in glycerin, mix.
  7. While the dough hardens, cover it with a lid.
  8. Sprinkle the work surface with cornstarch, lay out the dough and knead well.
  9. Knead the dough by adding cornstarch until it stops sticking to your hands.
  10. Finish kneading the dough when it becomes elastic and soft.

Helpful advice:

  • To prevent premature drying of the dough, you can wrap it with cling film and put in the refrigerator.

How to make polymer clay at home

How to make polymer clay soft

Often in the process of our creativity we have to work with hard polymer clay. We could be sold with a long-term release date. Long stored scrap. The brand is too hard. These are all major reasons for polymer hardness.

Is it possible to knead clay so that it is convenient to work with it? Are there any workable ways?

Nothing is impossible. In this article, we will consider all methods of softening polymer clay in the most detailed way.

Why knead polymer clay at all?

At its core, softening polymer clay is the process of preparing the clay for work.

In most cases, this process is done only by hand. The warmth of our hands, combined with the efforts of stretching and kneading the polymer, provides the necessary softness and suppleness. The clay begins to change its structure and becomes suitable for sculpting. Besides:

  • softened polymer clay becomes more flexible and sticky
  • the ability to break when bending is excluded
  • you can easily roll out a thin layer from it
  • allows you to sculpt more detailed creations.

Some types of clay are so soft right out of the package that we don't even need to knead them very much, they are already ready to work, but this is more an exception to the rule than a constant pattern. Basically, you first need to knead the clay.

How to make polymer clay at home

An easy way to knead clay

The easiest, and also the surest, way to soften a polymer is to knead it with your hands for a few minutes. It is better to take a piece of clay that will be comfortable to hold in your hand and gradually begin to knead it with your fingers. When heated by the warmth of the hands, the clay will begin to soften.

It takes several minutes to crumple and knead a piece of clay until the clay becomes plastic.

As a rule, the better the polymer clay is crushed, the easier it is to create from it. Colors mix better. Separate parts dock better.

Understanding how long it takes to knead the polymer and the degree of its readiness comes with experience.

Time may vary depending on the type of clay used, the amount, or the temperature (indoor or hand). On average, it takes three to ten minutes to knead the clay under normal conditions.

How to make polymer clay at home

Is it possible to speed up the process of kneading polymer clay?

Preparing polymer clay for work can take a lot of time and effort, especially if your hands are weak or the clay is very tough. However, there are several ways to speed up this process.

You can start softening by putting the polymer in a warm place for 15-20 minutes. Warning: Excessive heat or sunlight will make the clay unusable. The ideal place to preheat is in the battery.

Small chopped pieces are easier to work with by kneading them. By kneading several pieces, they can be combined into large volumes.

  • There is a special thinner for polymer clay on the market - in fact, it is a liquid that, when a few drops are added, makes the clay more pliable and softer.
  • Mixing with softer clay, adding up to a third of the main volume, will average the properties of both types. Then again knead everything and knead thoroughly.
  • Add a few drops of water. Do not overdo it, otherwise the clay will become unusable.
  • It is not advisable to use any other means, for example, petroleum jelly or fat cream, this can only spoil the clay. An illustrative experiment on softening a polymer using different impurities in the video below.

How to make polymer clay at home

Can you overdo it with softening polymer clay?

It happens that by adding too much thinner, the polymer becomes too soft for the technique we want to use. This is also not a problem.

  1. At first, You can allow the clay to cool slightly by placing it in a cool and dark place or in the refrigerator. For a short time, about 30 minutes.
  2. Secondly, you can use paper. Having flattened a piece of polymer into the layer, it is placed between two sheets of white paper (without drawing and printed text) and left overnight. The paper will absorb the excess plasticizer and the clay will become a little harder.

Unfortunately, even reanimated polymer clay is sometimes not suitable for the chosen technique. Still, it is better to use fresh, not spoiled polymer.

However, even reconstituted clay can serve well, for example, as a base or as individual elements of creative solutions.

How to make polymer clay at home

How to make polymer clay recipe

Many people think that it will not work to make this material for sculpting on their own, it is not.

Polymer clay from cornstarch

What is necessary:

  • 15 grams of fatty cosmetic cream;
  • lemon juice a few spoons;
  • PVA;
  • a pack of cornstarch;
  • you will also need a microwave;
  • temperature-resistant glass container;
  • cling film or bag;
  • plastic spatula.

Now we will tell you, as promised, how to make polymer clay at home. We work according to the following steps:

  • The first thing to add is the corn powder.

How to make polymer clay at home

  • Pour in PVA and add cream. Mix the ingredients, pour in the juice. Mix well again with a blender or mixer. After mixing, there should be a mass without lumps in front of you. We put it in the microwave for half a minute. Heating temperature should be maximum.

How to make polymer clay at home

  • After the end of the time, we take the composition out of the microwave, stir the mixture, and let it cool for half a minute as well. If a film appears on the surface during the heating process, it must be carefully removed.
  • Next, grease the table surface with cream or petroleum jelly and spread the mixture. A well-kneaded composition, just like with the dough. Mixing time is about five minutes.
  • All is ready. If necessary, the finished substance can be dyed in any suitable color. For this, various paints are used.

Now you know how to make polymer clay at home. The manufacturing process is not that complicated, but only takes ten minutes of your time.

How to make polymer clay without cooking

Many people are interested in how to make polymer clay at home without heat treatments. Such a question is relevant, since heating in a water bath or in a microwave is inconvenient for many and during the process it is required to follow safety precautions.

Manufacturing without heat treatment

The recipe for preparing polymer clay with a cold version is practically the same in the manufacturing technology of the composition, but it has a difference in some ingredients.

To prepare such a recipe, you must have:

  • corn starch one package;
  • PVA;
  • one tablespoon of vaseline oil;
  • two large spoons of petroleum jelly (or replace with hand cream);
  • 20 grams of perfume.

After collecting all the components, you can start manufacturing. By the way, in this case, you can attract your child, it is quite safe, like the modeling itself.

How to make polymer clay at home

  • Pour glue into the selected dish, add liquid paraffin to it and, if desired, perfume. We mix the composition.

How to make polymer clay at home

  • Next, add a little starch and mix the material. Add corn powder while mixing. Mix thoroughly. Add a fat cream (if not, replace it with petroleum jelly).

How to make polymer clay at home

  • Mix everything and pour out the rest of the starch. Now mix the mixture thoroughly. You can add watercolor paint and get the desired color.

This is how you learned how to make polymer clay at home without heating or boiling anything. To make sure that unusual things can be made from the material made, for example, very beautiful jewelry or dolls.

Polymer clay from soda and starch

  • 1 part baking soda;
  • 1 part cold filtered water;
  • 1 part corn starch (replacing potato starch with a gray tint) starch.

This mass is perfect for beginners. It is prepared simply and it is convenient to sculpt from it.

  1. Combine ingredients in a thick-walled saucepan.
  2. Cook the mixture over medium heat, stirring continuously until it thickens.
  3. Put the prepared mass out of the pan on a silicone mat and cover with a slightly dampened towel. Wait until it cools down a little.
  4. Knead the mixture vigorously until it is sufficiently elastic and suitable for sculpting.

How to make polymer clay at home

Polymer clay from glue with glycerin

  • 400 g of PVA joiner's glue (carpentry for wood);
  • 180 g of water;
  • 200 g starch (better than corn starch);
  • 40 g glycerin;
  • dyes as needed.

Cold porcelain products according to this recipe dry for half an hour. But before using it, you need to give it a rest.

You can wait overnight, but it is better to keep it in the refrigerator for a week.

  1. Combine glue and 100 g of water in a thick-walled or non-stick saucepan. Put on a medium heat and cook for about 2 minutes. Remove from stove.
  2. In a clean container, mix the starch with the remaining water and pour into the still hot mixture. Mix everything well until smooth.
  3. Cover the mixture with a towel and leave to cool.
  4. When the mass is cool enough, put it on the table surface, sprinkled with starch. Knead the mass with your hands, adding starch if necessary.
  5. When the cold china is smooth and elastic, transfer it to a dry container with an airtight lid.

How to make polymer clay at home

Self-hardening paste recipe

A popular polymer clay recipe often used for crafts in Latin America.

Tools:

  • PVA glue - 1 glass.
  • Water - 1/2 cup.
  • Cornstarch - 1 cup
  • Glycerin - 1.5 tablespoons.
  • White vinegar - 1.5 tablespoons.
  • Cold cream with lanolin - 1.5 tablespoons.

Preparation method:

  1. In a heavy-bottomed saucepan, mix half a glass of water with 1 cup of cornstarch.
  2. Heat the mixture over low heat until the starch dissolves.
  3. When the starch is gone, add PVA glue.
  4. Add 1.5 tablespoons each of white vinegar, cold cream and glycerin.
  5. Heat the mixture over low heat until it begins to lag behind the sides of the pan and takes shape.
  6. Put the clay on a flat surface and knead it well with your hands.
  7. Cover the clay with a damp cloth and let cool.
  8. When the dough is smooth and smooth, you can use it.
  9. Store in a cool, dark place in an airtight container.

Helpful hints:

  • When the dough begins to lag behind the sides of the pan, it should be immediately removed from the heat; if it overheats, it can become excessively hard.
  • Glycerin can be purchased from the baked goods section.

How to make polymer clay at home

Durable polymer clay

According to this recipe, polymer clay with your own hands will turn out to be very durable, if you drop an article from it from a height of 1 meter, it will not break.

Tools:

  • PVA glue - 1 glass.
  • Stearic acid - 0.5 tablespoon.
  • Citric acid - 0.5 tablespoon.
  • Vaseline - 1.5 tablespoons.
  • Glycerin - 1.5 tablespoons.
  • Cornstarch - 1/2 cup

Preparation method:

  1. In a saucepan with a non-stick coating, mix half a tablespoon of citric and stearic acid, petroleum jelly and glycerin, PVA glue.
  2. Put all ingredients on low heat.
  3. Pour cornstarch into the pot gradually, stirring continuously.
  4. Knead the clay until it starts to separate from the sides of the pot, even when it is difficult to do so.
  5. Put the clay on a flat surface and knead with your hands for 20 minutes.

During the sculpting process, the clay should become smooth, not sticky and free from lumps.

If after kneading the clay is still a little hot, let it cool, then pack it in an airtight bag, releasing all the air from it.

Helpful hints:

  • It is recommended to sift the starch before adding it and add little by little so that no lumps form.
  • Before making crafts, the clay must dry for at least three days.

How to make polymer clay at home

Pros and cons of homemade clay

Homemade clay products are practically no different from purchased ones. She has quite a few pluses:

  • products from it dry from 30 minutes to 24 hours, depending on the size of the product;
  • ingredients for cooking are not very expensive and are available in almost every home;
  • finished crafts can be painted with acrylic or gouache paints;
  • prepared clay can be stored in an airtight container in the refrigerator for a long time;
  • products are neat and keep their shape well;
  • finished products are durable and can be stored for a long time in dry rooms.

But it has some disadvantages:

  • to cook it long enough and difficult;
  • may not work the first time;
  • not any glue is suitable for preparing polymer clay;
  • the result may not always meet expectations;
  • products may crack or dry out;
  • the dishes can be damaged during cooking.

Homemade polymer clay is ideal for creative activities with children or small hobby crafts. But if you want to professionally create jewelry, then it is better to use purchased polymer clay.

It has a comfortable consistency and makes more neat crafts from it.

How to make polymer clay at home

Reasons for poor quality crafts

We figured out how to make polymer clay at home, but often in the process of sculpting from this material, finished products quickly deteriorate. In this case, everyone is guilty of the wrong recipe for preparing the material, but in fact it is not.

Such qualities are influenced by many factors, including mistakes that were made in the design of the figures.

Incorrect timing

This factor contributes to the violation of the properties of the manufactured material. As everyone knows, in the process of baking the product in the oven, plasticizers come out of the main composition, and thus the clay craft becomes solid.

If the material is not baked, the tenacity will be weak and the finished craft will begin to break.

Therefore, experts recommend baking each layer of clay for 20 minutes, so that all the plasticizer will evaporate from the material and the product will become strong. If the time is not the same, the finished product will be fragile and break quickly.

How to make polymer clay at home

Wrong choice of temperatures

A craft made of polymer clay, which is baked at the wrong temperature setting, becomes fragile after completion. Experts recommend observing the exact temperature regime of baking in this process.

Also note that most kitchen ovens with ovens have an installed thermometer, which has an error in the reading.

Basically, the readings differ by 10-20 degrees. Of course, these indicators are not critical for cooking delicious dishes, but for clay crafts, these indicators will carry a large error.

How to make polymer clay at home

Experts recommend using a special thermometer. Its readings will be more accurate, this is important for finished products.

It is also recommended to let the product cool on its own after baking. Do not take the craft out into the street or pour it with cold water.

Observing these rules for making crafts from made polymer clay, all items will be of high quality.

How to make polymer clay at home

Processing violations

Often, finished crafts begin to break after heat treatment. Many in this case, sin on low-quality basic material. Of course, another oversight can become the cause of the breakdown, but still, errors were made during processing.

While processing the material, do not apply brute force to the product, and you will succeed.

How to make polymer clay at home

Improper storage

The last reason affecting the quality of finished products made of polymer clay is the improper storage conditions of the material. It is not necessary to store prepared polymer clay in the sun; it is also not recommended to store manufactured items in the sun.

During such storage, an ingredient is evaporated, which is responsible for the adhesion of the material.

It is advisable to store the finished substance in an airtight container, which will be placed in the refrigerator. As such an item, you can use plastic bowls or plastic bags. But you should not completely close the container, in the closed state the clay can dry out, unless, of course, it is used immediately after production.

How to make polymer clay at home

If the polymer clay and the craft itself were made in compliance with all the requirements, you can use it without fear that it will break. Such a product is able to withstand falling to the floor and will serve you for a long time.

As you have seen, it is not at all difficult to make polymer clay at home, in principle, as well as to sculpt various crafts out of it. The main thing in the manufacture is to comply with all requirements.

Gallery of inspiration

How to make polymer clay at home

How to make polymer clay at home

How to make polymer clay at home

How to make polymer clay at home

How to make polymer clay at home

How to make polymer clay at home

How to make polymer clay at home

How to make polymer clay at home

How to make polymer clay at home

How to make polymer clay at home

How to make polymer clay at home

How to make polymer clay at home

How to make polymer clay at home

How to make polymer clay at home

How to make polymer clay at home

How to make polymer clay at home

How to make polymer clay at home

How to make polymer clay at home

Video master class

DIY polymer clay 2Many craftsmen sometimes in their work are faced with the fact that suddenly purchased polymer clay runs out, and there is nowhere to take it. But at the same time, the product remains unfinished.

Rescue in such a situation is polymer clay, made by hand.

Professionals always have the necessary set of components for this in their arsenal. And all they need to create a plastic mass is a maximum of half an hour.

As for the beginners in sculpting, they do not lag behind and adopt the experience of the old masters. To understand the question "How to make polymer clay" they are helped by the knowledge set out in the text or video. And then it’s a matter of practice.

In addition, novice craftsmen are interested in what can be made from homemade polymer clay. And experts answer them that everything is the same as from purchased plastic.

In addition, sometimes the quality of self-made material will be better and cheaper. Therefore, every master needs to know how to make polymer clay at home.

The main methods of manufacturing polymer plastics

Polymer clay fell in love with many craftsmen who make jewelry, sculptures and various souvenirs.

Many hand-made manufacturers of products have long begun to master not only purchased, but also homemade clay, the recipes of which were initially created experimentally.

But by trial and error, over time, a certain recipe has developed, based on four main methods of preparation:

  1. Without cooking - simple mixing of all ingredients in one bowl;
  2. Boiling in a water bath - heating the container with the components using boiling steam without direct contact with water;
  3. Baking - thermal production on a plate in a dry container;
  4. Microwave safe - heating and connecting elements using microwave microwaves.

Based on these methods, regardless of the number of combined components, various recipes are added, some of which are worth taking a closer look at.

Recipe 1. Clay with vaseline or castor oil without cooking

Recipe 1The simplest recipe for making polymer clay is cold porcelain without cooking. In this case, no heating is required, and all the ingredients are simply mixed with each other.

The ingredients required for clay are:

  1. Vaseline or castor oil in the amount of one tablespoon;
  2. Vaseline in the amount of two tablespoons;
  3. PVA glue in the amount of 200 grams;
  4. Corn starch in the amount of 200 grams.

The number of components can be increased or decreased as desired. It all really depends on how much plastic mass you need to make.

How to make cold porcelain with this recipe? You need to perform the following actions:

  1. We take a deep container of the required size;
  2. Pour in PVA glue, vaseline or castor oil, mix;
  3. Add petroleum jelly, mix again;
  4. Gradually add corn starch in parts and knead until a soft plastic consistency;
  5. We take a plastic wrap and wrap the manufactured mass with it. We leave it to lie for several hours.

After that, the cold porcelain with your own hands will be ready. All that remains is to add the dyes that are necessary to create the intended product.

Recipe 2. Steamed potato starch clay

Recipe 2Quite often, many craftsmen use the method of preparing plastic in a water bath.

And one of the simple recipes for making polymer clay here is the method using potato starch.

What does it include? And the following ingredients are included:

  1. Potato starch in the amount of 100 grams;
  2. New closed PVA glue in the amount of 100 grams. Remember that if air gets into the bottle, then either the material will not weld, or cracks will appear on the product later;
  3. Any baby oil that contains natural vegetable oils, in the amount of two teaspoons;
  4. Any non-greasy hand cream in the amount of one teaspoon for clay, and a tube for treating the palms;
  5. Lemon juice in the amount of two tablespoons.

This recipe provides for cooking mixed components of the mass in a water bath. And it happens this way:

  1. We put a medium pot of water on the stove, having filled it with 1 liter of water, and slowly bring it to the boil;
  2. Simultaneously with the first process, we take two small cups. Pour glue into the first, pour starch into the second;
  3. We take the second container - a smaller pan, ladle or metal plate. Pour the glue from the cup into it. We also add ingredients such as baby oil, cream and lemon juice. We mix everything well;
  4. We heat the container on a steam bath and cook the mixture for a short time, stirring slightly;
  5. Add a little starch to the mixture and start stirring often;
  6. Gradually, curd lumps will appear in the mixture, and then they will turn into one large lump. As soon as this happens, the container will need to be removed from the water bath;
  7. After removing from the stove, we knead a piece of plastic mass with our hands, pre-treated with cream;
  8. We roll the mass into several balls, process it again with cream and wrap it in cling film without access to air. We leave it for 12 hours and only then unfold it.

Here is polymer clay with your own hands at home and ready!

It should be remembered that the amount of material produced can be increased by proportionally changing the amount of ingredients upward.

Recipe 3. Cornstarch Clay - Stovetop Baking

Recipe 3Along with the recipe for potato carbohydrates, the recipe with corn starch is the second most popular.

The main difference between the resulting polymer clay will be that the mass on the potatoes will be slightly gray, and on this recipe it will be white.

At the same time, a cooking method such as baking in a heat-resistant container is often chosen.

To make clay using this method, you will need the following materials:

  1. Corn starch in the amount of 250 grams;
  2. Baby or mineral oil in the amount of two tablespoons;
  3. PVA glue in the amount of 200 grams;
  4. Lemon juice in the amount of one tablespoon.

Step by step cooking according to this recipe is as follows:

  1. We take a cold heat-resistant container (usually a deep frying pan) and mix the starch and glue on it. The mass should come out homogeneous;
  2. Add lemon juice and oil to the resulting mass;
  3. Mix again until the material is homogeneous;
  4. We turn on the stove over medium heat, put the prepared container and mix the components until a dense, puree-like mass is formed;
  5. We remove the container from the stove;
  6. Add a little extra oil and put on gloves;
  7. Remove the hot mass from the container and transfer it to a heat-resistant silicone mat;
  8. We knead the plastic like dough in cooking to the desired consistency, in which it is convenient to work;
  9. Leave to dry for 24-36 hours.

The resulting homemade polymer clay will be of good quality. But one important point remains in this recipe - it is a reduction in the volume of parts of the craft by 20-30% during heat treatment, in contrast to purchased clay. It should be taken into account in your work.

Recipe 4. Clay with petroleum jelly and glycerin in the microwave

Recipe 4Vaseline is a product that, when added to any clay, makes the consistency softer. And the simultaneous introduction of glycerin, which draws moisture from PVA, makes the quality of cold porcelain excellent.

In addition, the use of processing in the microwave allows any craftswoman to avoid complex mixing processes. Lumps in the mixture disappear faster, and less time is spent on mixing polymer clay.

This recipe is based on such components as:

  1. Vaseline in the amount of one tablespoon;
  2. Glycerin in the amount of one tablespoon;
  3. PVA glue, including a plasticizer, in an amount of 200 grams;
  4. Corn starch in the amount of 200 grams;
  5. Citric acid in the volume of one teaspoon.

The process itself takes place step by step as follows:

  1. Let's take a special glass container for the microwave;
  2. Pour glue into a bowl and add petroleum jelly, glycerin to it. Mix thoroughly;
  3. We introduce citric acid into the resulting mixture and mix again;
  4. We introduce starch gradually and mix well. There may be lumps, but they will disappear during the processing;
  5. We put the container with the prepared mixture in the oven for 30 seconds at maximum power;
  6. We take out, mix well, and after 30 seconds we repeat the operation again;
  7. Then we gradually reduce the time according to about a second scheme 20-20-20-20-10-10-7-7-7-5-5-5-5 until the lumps disappear completely, and the mixture becomes thick and homogeneous ;
  8. We transfer the welded non-sticky mass to a silicone mat, fold it into one round lump;
  9. We transfer the finished polymer clay to plastic wrap, wrap it, and leave it to mature.

In a day, we open the film and check the quality of the clay. If it is soft and non-sticky, then you can start working with various crafts.

Master classes on making homemade polymer clay

In addition to the listed recipes for creating home plastic, many craftsmen use other options that differ in the composition of materials and their proportions.

For example, it is more convenient for someone to use baby oil, someone uses petroleum jelly, and someone even uses a simple vegetable oil. As they say, there are no comrades for taste and color.

Therefore, everyone selects his own individual recipe and improves it, achieving the best consistency. This allows you to create robust crafts that won't crumble.

You can view options from various DIY polymer clay masters at the following master classes:

After creating clay, it will be natural to learn about the important principles of its storage.

Storing homemade polymer clay

Storing polymer clayOne of the main questions for many novice craftsmen is how to store the prepared homemade clay.

And especially when it comes to cold porcelain, regardless of the recipe, this question is doubly interesting. After all, this material does not just dry out, but self-hardens.

But before formulating the basic principles of storage, first of all, it is worth looking at some of the features of polymer clay. And they are as follows:

  1. Open plastic dries up when it comes into contact with air;
  2. Unpackaged clay easily sticks to any surface;
  3. Open plastic mass absorbs dust and deteriorates;
  4. Unused plastic mass deteriorates with prolonged contact with heat. For example, with sunlight or a battery;
  5. Polymer clay deteriorates next to food;
  6. Old polymer clay can be softened.

Due to these features, the storage principles that craftsmen apply to any kind of clay are actually few.

И first principle Is storage in a sealed sealed package.

However, not all packaging is suitable for use. So, metal and glass containers with tight-fitting lids are perfect for storage. And the clay in them does not stick to the surface.

But a more profitable option would be plastic zip bags or film, which save space. At the same time, even though zip bags are more expensive in the store, they are reusable.

Second Principle - This is storage in a cool place without access to bright sunlight.

There are not so many cool storage spaces in the house. In most cases, people use either pantries or refrigerators. You can also use separate, closed drawers, but away from heat sources.

With regards to storage rooms, this is the best option. But sometimes there is a problem with the refrigerator.

It is connected with the fact that food is stored in this unit. Therefore, it is better to use a separate shelf for storing clay.

However, you need to know that:

  • uncooled clay after heat treatment cannot be put into the refrigerator, otherwise it will deteriorate;
  • do not freeze the plastic, as the products may subsequently crack.

The third principle - adding preservatives to increase shelf life.

Some recipes initially contain preservatives such as lemon juice or cream. Therefore, this clay is stored longer.

But even if it began to dry out, then adding these components again, you can improve the plasticity of the clay, and increase the shelf life.

If these components were not included in the composition, then their addition will soften the drying clay and also improve its organoleptic properties.

We conclude that using all these principles, storing homemade clay will not cause any difficulties.

In addition, how to properly store polymer clay can be seen in the video instructions from a professional sculptor:

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