The most legendary scout of the 20th century, whose name is literally everything, Standandfür Otto Max von Stirlitz, created by Julian Semenov and embodied on the screen by Vyacheslav Tikhonov, was widely known thanks to the 12-serial tape Tatyana Lozinova "Seventeen Spring Moments". Love for Stirlitz and today generates a lot of myths, legends and even works of folk art. For Stirlitz already belongs to Semenov or Lozinova, it is as they say today, a national brand.
The best Soviet intelligence officer had a persistent, nordic, weathered. He was mercilened with the enemies of Reich and did not have the disclosure of his connections. This appears the Stirlitz in Julian Semenov's books and in the film "Seventeen Moments of Spring." But is it so good we know this hero?
Myth 1. Real Name Stirlitz - Maxim Maksimovich Isaev
Maxim Maksimovich Isaev is also an operational alias, chosen for himself by the future Stirlitz in young years. Present his name is Vsevolod Vladimirovich Vladimirov, the Russian nobleman, the son of Professor Philology and the right of Vladimir Alexandrovich Vladimirov. Together with the son, Vladimir-Sr. was attracted to the case of the revolution, but contacted Social Democrats and departed from the Bolsheviks. In 1921, when his son Vsevolod Vladimirov (pseudonym Isaev) was a business trip in Estonia, a father, aimed at work in Siberia CultProsvet in the Council of Sovnarkom, would tragically die from the hands of the White Guard Marauders.
Vladimirov's mother Vsevolod - Olesya Ostapovna Prokopchuk, Ukrainka, died from Chakhotka, when the son was barely five years old. In the film Tatyana Lozinova "Seventeen Moments of Spring", as in the novel of Julian Semenov's named, about all this is not available. About the youth of Isaeva-Stirlitz Semenov tells in the first novels "Diamonds for the dictatorship of the proletariat" and "password is not needed." After the Second World War, Stirlitz used other pseudonyms: Buben, Brunn, Names Max and Massimo and others (Roman "Expansion", etc.)
Myth 2. Stirlitz assigned the title of Hero of the Soviet Union
Indeed, for solving the most complex operation "Sunrise-Crossword", which was a breakdown of separating negotiations by representatives of Germany with Western Allies, Maxim Maksimovich Isaev received the title of Hero of the Soviet Union. But this is not the only reward. In 1940, he was also awarded by two orders of Lenin, awarded the Order of the Red Banner, Golden Weapon (Password novels "and" Major Wich "). In addition, I had awards of the countries of Yugoslavia, Poland, Norway, France and Argentina (Roman "Bomb for the Chairman"). And of course, I had awards of the Fuhrer and personal thanks to the SS flight, what was said in the characteristic of Otto Max von Stirlitz.
Myth. 3 Stirlitz was repressed
This is true. At the end of the Second World War, the Germans will be found in Spain in the unconscious state, and from there to Argentina. In Argentina and Brazil, Stirlitz identifies a network of regular Nazi organizations. He will continue to be survened by Muller who escaped from Germany. Understanding that he can take responsibility, Stirlitz gives it to the Soviet side. Despite the risk of arrest, Stirlitz is sent to the Soviet Embassy and puts all the information about Müller and its location. Stirlits are arrested and exported to the USSR. In 1947 he was sent to prison. Wife and son are also arrested, and by order Stalin shoot. After the death of Beria, Stirlitz will be released and fully rehabilitated. (Roman "Despair", 1990)
Myth 4. Stirlitz had a prototype
Stirlitz - a collective image and it is guessed by the features of a variety of people. In Early Stirlitz, when he was not yet a Stirlitz, and was Isaev, the features of the Chekist Yakov Blumkin ("Diamonds for the Dictatorship of the proletariat" can be gone. Another prototype was Hauptsturmführer CC Willie Lehman, who worked for Soviet intelligence. There were other prototypes: Isai Borovo, a member of the Anti-Fascist group "Red Capella", Anatoly Gurevich, Soviet intelligence officer Nikolay Kuznetsov. Among them there are even legendary scouts Rudolf Abel and Richard Zorge.
Myth 5. Stirlitz was a handsome man and heart
The myth originated by analogy with the English Supeert James Bond. About the appearance and character of Isaeva-Stirlitz we are not enough for. He was high in growth and had a magnificent physique, strong and sports. Having a low voice and a thick rolling laugh. He possessed an insightful look under consolidated dense eyebrows. That's all that is known from the first novels "Diamonds for the dictatorship of the proletariat" and "password is not needed."
About preferences are also a bit. He loved the Armenian brandy and could not tolerate juniper vodka, which he had to whip, because hedirch loved her. From cigarettes preferred strong without filter "Caro" and "Camel." From cars - chorus. But for women, unlike their British colleagues "Agent 007", was indifferent. Only brief bed episodes that are referred to, for example, in the novel "ordered to survive", not counting. He was a monochombus, loved his wife. The prostitutes did not react to the call spells, I am dryly answering "no, better coffee." Speaking clearly, passibly, often ending the phrase with questions "No?" Or "isn't it?", Wanting to hear from the interlocutor the same clear and intentional answers. Here, in fact, the entire portrait of the Stirlitz. Does he look like those who played him in the cinema? Maybe. Although for most, the portrait of Stirlitz is forever associated only with Vyacheslav Tikhonov, male beautiful and charming.
Myth 6. The first film is about Stirlice - the film "Seventeen Moments of Spring"
Tatiana's film Lozinova "Seventeen Moments of Spring" came out in 1973. And in 1967 the first film was published about the adventures of Stirlitz - Isaev - Vladimirov with the same name "Password" director Boris Grigorieva. In the role of the future Stroke of Vsevolod Vladimirov - Rodion Nakhapetov.
Myth 7. The role of Stirlitz in the film "Seventeen Moments of Spring" immediately approved Vyacheslav Tikhonov
It is a myth. The first challenger for the role of Stirlitz became, oddly enough, Georgian Artist Archil Gomiashvili. Since they had a novel with Lozinova, he "pressed" to her, and she persuaded Julian Semenov to accept his candidacy. He was not against. However, the funnsets categorically rejected this venture. What is the Stirlitz with Georgian Profile and Georgian temperament? We need a nordic type with the character "resistant, weathered". Oleg Strizhenov, Yuri Solomin, and even Innokenty Smoktunovsky claimed this role. But no one wanted to spend several years to spend a few years. Invited Tikhonov. He even attached a mustache on samples. But a deep view of Tikhonov and the ability to expressly silent in the frame so conquered the entire shooting group that the director had no longer doubted that no one else would better play the main character. True, in the mustache, he still appears in the frame, but only in the form of conspiracy, and not such lush.
Myth 8. All reflections of Stirlitz for the frame reads Tikhonov
Not all. However, there was an idea that the entire voice-timer text read Vyacheslav Tikhonov, but they refused it. I needed a voice "from the author", so for the voice acting was invited by the famous actor BDT Efim Zakharovich Kophewan. Ranger text, including "Information for Reflections" belongs to the voice of Kophelin. Vyacheslav Tikhonov voiced only the reflections of Stirlitz. And Kophelin since then colleagues called Efim Zabolovich.
Myth 9. Stirlitz drove on Mercedes
For the car immediately arose disputes. Lioznova dreamed of planting Stirlitz on Horch 853. Yes, and to assign three-digit diplomatic numbers to them. Film consultants were against. Such a car and even with dipnetomers will immediately attract attention. Then Stirlitz wanted to put on the Mercedes-Benz 230. Despite the protests of consultants, Lioznova tried to find the fervor. Trophy chori were very valued after the war. On such a car, I fed in my time Vasily Stalin. At the time of filming in 1971, there were no more than 50 such cars. Most of the dowel in the Baltic States. Only one chorus 853 found on Mosfilm, but also praised him. Then the old Mercedes bought for the shooting, but he did not go. Finally, Mercedes for the film was provided by the German car collector August Klibenshtein.
Myth 10. Could Stirlitz arrange a meeting with his wife?
According to the experimental scouts, it is most likely a myth. As you know from the books Semenova, the wife of Stirlitsa Sasha Gavrilina did not know German and sending it to Germany there was no possibility. In the intelligence work there are cases where illegal agents worked in a pair (husband and wife). But Stirlitz was a deeply classified agent loneliness, and any meetings could compromise him with anyone, and therefore were simply impossible. It is enough to remember a small note that Stirlitz wrote a wife in French with his left hand in the film final, then breaking, said: "You should not drag it in three borders." And meet my wife ...
Tatyana Lioznova came up with a meeting with his wife to "think" the image of the Stirlitz, so that he does not look like a bucked spy, and appeared in the image of an infinitely thank man in his homeland. For the same reason, appeared in the picture "Seventeen Moments of Spring" and Charming Gabi, and the Elderly Frau of the Razurih, which is not in the novel.
Myth 11. Sustice the novel "Seventeen Moments of Spring" was going to Tatyana Lioznova
The Chairman of the KGB Yury Andropov read Roman Semenov, and he liked him so much that Andropov invited the author and offered to write a script. He wrote a script and handed it to the Lenfilm film studio. But Lioznova, reading the script and learning about the start of shooting on Lenfilm, where the picture was to shoot another director, insisted that the script would give it. Having achieved his own, Lioznova removed the film on the M. Gorky film studio.
Myth 12. The author and his favorite Character of Stirlitz were born in one day
It's true. Colonel Maxim Maksimovich Isaev and Writer Julian Semenov were born on October 8, but the Soviet intelligence officer in 1900, and invented his writer - in 1931.
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We all have seen a movie "17 moments of Spring"
And know his main hero of Stirlitz, but I don't remember as I do not remember
what is his name?
9 years ago
Stirlitz - Max Otto von Stirlitz, He is also Maxim Maksimovich Isaev, he is Vsevolod Vladimirovich Vladimirov.
In the television series "Seventeen Moments of Spring" he played by Vyacheslav Vasilyevich Tikhonov
The author of the question chose this answer as the best.
WILL — [13.4K]
9 years ago
If as a German, then Max Otto Stirlitz. By birth, he Vladimirov Vsevolod Vladimirovich, but known as Isaev Maxim Maksimovich.
- And the anecdote remembered the topic)
The door opens, people enter gray shape:
Well, you scored yesterday, Comrade Tikhonov ...
Angry Eike — [13.4K]
He was not called, he himself always came ... And if he was serious, then in my opinion his name was Max Otto von Stirlitz, well, or something like that! — [13.4K]
For sure, I don't remember about the background, didn't he be considered an outcomes from the nobles?
SS Max Otto Von Stierlitz
- Operational pseudonym of the literary hero Julian Semenova. Vsevolod Vladimirovich Vladimirov was born in the family of political reference Vladimir Alexandrovich Vladimirov and Olesy Ostapovna Prokopchuk. .
At the twentieth age, Vladimirov under the legend of Rothmistra Maximovich Isaeva was introduced into the Kolchakov headquarters and was evacuated in Japan in 1922. In 1923 he had a son Alexander, whom Max Otto von Stirlitz, a German aristocrat robbed in Shanghai in 1927, first met in Krakow a year before the end of the Great Patriotic War. There were Vladimirov and other pseudonyms that beat the name Maxim. Chela [50.9K] .
7 years ago
The image of the legendary Soviet intelligence officer of the Stirlitz was embodied in many films - this password is needed, "Major Wich", "Diamonds for the dictatorship of the proletariat", "Life and death of Ferdinand Luce", "Spanish option", "Isaev" and of course " Seventeen moments of spring "Where the role of Stirlitz played Vyacheslav Tikhonov. It is the role of Tikhonov associated with many with a way with a way
SS Max Otto Von Stierlitz
SS Max Otto Von Stierlitz
Maxim Maksimovich Isaev
There are a lot of jokes about this scout: old, new and completely fresh.
SS Max Otto Von Stierlitz
The film provides accurate information as the name of Stirlitz, and what his full name was, and it was the following combination:
But the first option appeared most. It is worth only to watch this film, and the feeling of nostalgia is, and they were able to remove such an interesting and exciting production.
- 6 years ago
In Germany, the legend of the Stirlitz was completely called Max Otto von Stirlitz. At the same time, the scout itself used the name Maxim Maksimovich Isaev, but it was not his real name. The real name given to him at birth - Vladimirov Vsevolod Vladimirovich.
SS Max Otto Von Stierlitz
In the legendary film "Seventeen Moments of Spring" Stirlitz played Vyacheslav Tikhonov.
8 years ago
Stirlitz, as it should be reconnaissance, several names: Max Otto von Stirlitz
Vsevolod Vladimirovich Vladimirov (real name) And in the film "Seventeen Moments of Spring" Stirlitz played Vyacheslav Vasilyevich Tikhonov.
The most perhaps the famous name of Stirlitz is Maxim Maksimovich Isaev. Also, Stirlitz used another two name - this is Max Otto von Schtirlitz and Vsevolod Vladimirovich Vladimirov. And the TV series played actor Vyacheslav Vasilyevich Tikhonov.
The general public is known for the general public under several names. If we consider it as a Russian scout, then he called Maxim Isaev. If with the German side, then Max Otto von Stirlitz, and there were still names, but less well-known. For example, Vsevolod Vladimirovich Vladimirov. Such unpretentious surnames of such a remarkable hero.
Do you know the answer?
Data: 09/21/2010 02:55 | Posted by: Administrator
Max Otto von Stirlitz (Max Otto Von Stierlitz; He is also Maxim Maksimovich Isaev, the real name Vsevolod Vladimirovich Vladimirov) is a literary character, the hero of many works of the Russian Soviet writer Julian Semenova, Standardenführer SS, Soviet intelligence officer who worked in the interests of the USSR in Nazi Germany and some other countries.
Literary works of Julian Semenova, television "Seventeen Moments of Spring".
Julian Semenov, Tatyana Loznova
The role performed:
All-Union glory of Stirlitz's image brought Tatyana's multi-seventeenth television film on the eponymous novel, where Vyacheslav Tikhonov played his role. This character became the most famous intelligence manner in the Soviet and post-Soviet culture comparable to James Bond in Western culture.
Contrary to popular belief, the real name of Stirlitz is not Maxim Maksimovich Isaev, as it can be assumed from the "seventeen moments of spring", and Vsevolod Vladimirovich Vladimirov. The surname Isaev is represented by Julian Semenov as an operational pseudonym Vsevolod Vladimirovich Vladimirov already in the first novel about him - "Diamonds for the dictatorship of the proletariat".
Maxim Maksimovich Isaev - Stirlitz - Vsevolod Vladimirovich Vladimirov - Born on October 8, 1900 ("Expansion-2") in Transbaikalia, where his parents were in a political link.
Parents: Father - Russian, Vladimir Alexandrovich Vladimirov, "Professor of the Law of the St. Petersburg University, dismissed for freedomity and proximity to the circles of social democracy." Created to the revolutionary movement by George Plekhanov.
Mother - Ukrainka, Olesya Ostapovna Prokopchuk, died from Chatheka, when his son was five years old.
Parents met and got married in the link. At the end of the link, the Father and Son returned to Petersburg, and then spent some time in emigration, in Switzerland, in the cities of Zurich and Bern. Here, Vsevolod Vladimirovich showed love for literary work. In Bern, he worked in the newspaper. To his homeland, the father and son returned in 1917. It is known that in 1911 the paths of Vladimirov-Senior and Bolsheviks diverged. Already after the revolution, in 1921 - while his son was in Estonia - Vladimir Vladimirov was sent to a business trip to East Siberia and tragically died on the hands of Belobandites.
Relatives from the mother:
Grandfather - Ostap Nikitich Prokopchuk, Ukrainian Revolutionary Democrat, also referred to in the Trans-Baikal link with their children Olesya and Taras. After the link returned to Ukraine, and from there - in Krakow. He died in 1915. Deady - Taras Ostapovich Prokopchuk. In Krakow married Vanda Kruzhanskaya. In 1918, shot. Divine sister - Gunna Tarasovna Prokopchuk. Two children. Professional activity: Architect. In 1941, her whole family died in fascist concentration camps ("Third Map"). Died in the Auschwitz concentration camp.
In 1920, Vsevolod Vladimirov operates under the name of Rothmistra Maximovich Isaev in the press service of the Kolchakov government.
In May 1921, Baron Unger's gang, capturing power in Mongolia, tried to strike in Soviet Russia. Vsevolod Vladimirov, under the guise of the White Guard Rothmistra, penetrated the headquarters of Ungerna and handed him the command of the enemy's military-strategic plans.
In 1921, he is already in Moscow, "works at the Dzerzhinsky" assistant chief of the foreign department of the Gleb Bokia Gleb. From here Vsevolod Vladimirov is sent to Estonia ("Diamonds for the dictatorship of the proletariat").
In 1922, the young cheeky underground Vsevolod Vladimirovich Vladimirov on behalf of the leadership is evacuated with the White Forces from Vladivostok to Japan, and from there moves to Harbin ("Password is not needed", "tenderness"). Over the next 30 years, it is constantly in foreign work.
In the meantime, he remains his only life and son born in 1923 in his homeland. The son was called Alexander (operational pseudonym in the exploration of the Red Army - Kohl Grishanchikov), his mother - Alexander Nikolaevna Gavrilina ("Major Wich"). The Sala of Stirlitz will first find out in 1941 from the employee of the Soviet Trading in Tokyo, where he leaves for meeting Richard Zorge. In the fall of 1944, the Standartenführer SS von Stirlitz accidentally meets his son in Krakow - he is here in the reconnaissance and sabotage group ("Major Wich").
From 1924 to 1927, Vsevolod Vladimirov lives in Shanghai.
In connection with the strengthening of the National Socialist German Workers Party and the exacerbation of the danger of the arrival of Adolf Hitler to power in Germany in 1927, Maximovich Isaev from the Far East to Europe was decided in 1927. To do this, the legend of Max Otto, a background of Stirlitz, robbed in Shanghai by the German Aristocrat, seeking protection in the German Consulate in Sydney. In Australia, Stirlitz worked for a while at the hotel at the German host related to NSDAP, after which he was translated into New York.
From the party characteristics of the NSDAP member since 1933, the Stirlitsa, SS Standardfürera (VI Department of the RSH): "True Aryan. Character is nordic, weathered. He supports good relationships with comrades. Imcorrusive performs official debt. Ruthless to the enemies of Reich. Excellent athlete: Berlin champion in tennis. Single In the links that flashes it, was not seen. Marked by the awards of the Fuhrer and thanks to the Rakhsführera SS ... "
During World War II, Stirlitz was an employee of the VI department of the RSH, which was headed by Brigadefürer SS Walter Shecklock. In the operational work in the RSHA, the pseudonyms "Brunn" and "Bomen" used. In 1938, he worked in Spain ("Spanish Option"), in March-April 1941 - as part of the group Edmund of Veerezenmayer in Yugoslavia (Alternative), and in June - in Poland and in the occupied territory of Ukraine, where communicated with Theodore Oberlander, Stepan Bandera and Andrey Melnik ("Third Map"). In 1943 he visited Stalingrad, where exceptional courage was demonstrated under Soviet shelling.
At the end of the war, Joseph Stalin instructed the Stirlitsa responsible task: to disrupt the separatic negotiations of the Germans with the West. Since the summer of 1943, Reichsführer SS Henry Himmler, through his proxies, began to carry out contacts with representatives of Western special services in order to conclude a separate world. Thanks to the courage and intelligence of Stirlitz, these negotiations were torn ("Seventeen Moments of Spring").
From the Americans who conducted backstage negotiations with the leaders of the Third Reich, Julian Semenov points to Allen Dulles, who headed the American headquarters in Bern, the capital of Switzerland.
The head of the IV department of the RSHA was a group of the SS, Henry Muller, who exposed the Stirlitz in April 1945, however, the coincidence and chaos, which was working at Berlin's storm, told Muller's plans for using Stirlitz in the game against the command of the Red Army ("ordered to survive").
Favorite drink Stirlitz - Armenian brandy, favorite cigarettes - "Caro". He drives the car brand "Khorish". Unlike James Bond, the Stirlitz women refers coolly. On the clips of prostitutes, he usually answers: "No, better coffee." Speech characteristic, repeated from the work in the work: phrases often finishes the question "No?" Or isn't it? ".
Before the end of the war, Stirlitz had awarded the title Hero of the Soviet Union. After the end of World War II, Stirlitz in an unconscious state, wounded by the Soviet soldier, exported by the Germans to Spain, from where it comes to South America. There, he reveals a regular network of fascists who escaped from Germany. The time and after World War II worked under several pseudonyms: Bulgin, Brunn and others. As a name usually used the variations of the name "Maxim": Max, Massimo (Expansion).
In Argentina and Brazil, Stirlitz works together with the American floor by Roumen. Here they reveal the conspiracy Nazi organization "Odessa", which manages Muller, and then identify the agent network and the capture of Muller. Understanding that after Winston Churchill's speech in Fulton and the "Hunt for Witch's Hunt", Muller can avoid punishment for his crimes, they decide to give it to the Soviet government. Stirlitz goes to the Soviet Embassy, where he reports who he is, as well as information about the location of Muller. MGB employees carry out the arrest of Stirlitz and on the ship shipped to the USSR. Isaev is in prison ("despair"). There he meets Raoul Wallenberg and leads his own game. Meanwhile, his son and wife are shot by order of Stalin. After the death of Beria, Stirlitz is coming to freedom.
A month after the award of the Golden Star, he begins to work at the Institute of History on the topic "National Socialism, Neofashism; Modifications of totalitarianism. " Having read the text of the thesis, the secretary of the Central Committee Mikhail Suslov recommended to assign a friend of the doctor of science without protection, and remove the manuscript, submitting to Spetshar ...
One another time he will meet with his old familiar in RSH, former Nazis, in West Berlin in 1967 ("Bomb for the Chairman"). This time, the aged, but not lost the grip Isaev managed to prevent the abduction of nuclear technology by a private corporation and encounter a radical sect from Southeast Asia ...
Stirlitz is a character of one of the largest cycles of Soviet anecdotes, usually they parody the voice of a storyteller, constantly commenting on the thoughts of the Stirlitz or the film events. In the series "Seventeen Moments of Spring", it was the voice of the actor BDT Efim Kophelin.
In fact, the German surname STI (E) RLITZ does not exist; The nearest similar - Stiglitz (Stieglitz - 'Schegol' (Carduelis Carduelis)), known in Russia. Also during the Second World War in the Third Reich was Vice Admiral Ernst Shirlitz (Schirlitz) - Commander of the German fleet in the Atlantic.
Being an impostor, Stirlitz could not actually serve in the SS for such a high position, as Nazi security services checked the personality of each candidate for several generations. To go through such an inspection, Stirlitz should not just have genuine identity documents, and replace the real German Max Stirlitz, who really lived in Germany and similar to him outwardly. Although such substitutions are practiced by special services in the introduction of illegal agents, in reality, all sources of Soviet intelligence in the highest echelons of Reich, which are known now, were recruited by the Germans or the Germans anti-fascists.
Stirlitz graduated from the university, specialized in quantum mechanics. It also easily check. Quantum mechanics was at that time relatively young science. Scientists dealing with it were well known.
Stirlitz - Berlin champion in tennis. This fact is also easy to check. This untrue would be revealed immediately, but Stirlitz Isaev probably became a champion, without deception. His time for it was.
"Stirlitz" appeals to the Stirlitz, and not "von Stirlitz". In principle, such an appeal is allowed, especially in cases where the carrier of the surname does not have a noble title (graph, baron and others). But in those years in Germany, there was less such "democracy", the more strange to hear the appeal without the "background" from the lower persons.
Stirlitz smokes, which contradicts the politics of combating smoking in the third Reich. In 1939, NSDAP introduced a ban on smoking in all its institutions, and Henry Himmler banned SS officers and the police to smoke during working hours.
Favorite Beer Stirlitz - "Rough Gottlieb". In it, he had dinner with the pastor with a slog, rested with a mug of beer, after the agents of Muller took away from the "tail". In the "roles" of this beer, the famous Berlin restaurant "Zur Letzten Instanz" (last instance) was shot.
Traditionally, the Soviet intelligence officer Richard Zorga became one of the prototypes of Stirlitz, but the facts of biographical coincidences in Stirlitz and Zorge is not visible.
Another possible prototype of Stirlitz - Willie Lehman, Hauptsturmführer SS, an employee of the IV Department of the RSH (Gestapo). The German, a passionate player at the jumps, was recruited in 1936 by the Soviet intelligence, whose employee looked for him after losing, and then suggested supplying secret information for a good fee (according to another version, Willie Lehman was independently reached Soviet intelligence, guided by ideological considerations). I wore an operational pseudonym "Breitenbach". In RSH, he was engaged in opposition to the Soviet industrial espionage.
Willie Lehman failed in 1942, under circumstances close to the Julian Semenov described: his Radist Bart, Anti-Fascist, during a surgical operation, under anesthesia, began to talk about ciphers and communications with Moscow, and the doctors were reigning in Gestapo. In December 1942, Willie Lehman was arrested and shot after a few months. The fact of betrayal of such a high-ranking SS officer was hidden - even his wife Willie Leeman reported that her husband had died, hitting the train. History Willie Leeman is told in the memoirs of Walter Shellenberg, from which it was obviously borrowed by Julian Semenov.
According to the newspaper "Vesti", the prototype of Stirlitz was the Soviet intelligence officer Isai Isaevich Borovo, who lived in Germany since the late 1920s, and later worked in the department of Himmler. In 1944, he was arrested, after Stalin's death was the main witness to the accusation in the case of Beria.
A very likely prototype of Stirlitz could be Brother Sergey Mikhalkov - Mikhail Mikhalkov. Julian Semenov was married to Catherine - the daughter of Natalia Petrovna Konchalovskaya from the first marriage. Here are the facts of the biography of Mikhail Mikhalkov: at the beginning of the Great Patriotic War served in the special department of the South-Western Front. In September 1941, he was captured, fled and further continued the service in the rear of the enemy as an agent illegal, providing unimportants to the Red Army with important operational information. In 1945, during the battle in German, he moved the front line and was detained by the military counterintelligence authorities. On charges of cooperation with German intelligence, five years of conclusion was serving, first in the Lefortovo prison, later, in one of the camps in the Far East. In 1956, rehabilitated. Perhaps (and most likely) Julian Semenov learned part of the history of Stirlitz from Family Stories Mikhail Mikhalkov.
In addition to Vyacheslav Tikhonov, which, of course, is the chief "kinolian" of Stirlitz, this character was played by other actors. A total of five novels, where Stirlitz or Maxim Maksimovich Isaev operates. The role of Stirlitz in these films performed:
Rodion Nakhapetov ("Password is not needed", 1967) Vladimir Ivashov ("Diamonds for the dictatorship of the proletariat", 1975) Uldis Dummis ("Spanish Option") (in the hero's film is called Walter Schulz) Vsevolod Safonov ("Life and Death of Ferdinand Lusa") Daniel of Strakhov ("Isaev", 2009 - the television screening of the novels "Diamonds for the dictatorship of the proletariat", "Password is not needed" and the story "Tenderness").
Quotes from the film "Seventeen Moments of Spring"
Do not believe those who scare you bad weather in Switzerland. It is very sunny and warm.
... And at least someone gave a bending? I am an old, kind person who is lowered hands.
- ... You have no brandy. - I have brandy. - So you have no salami. - I have salami. - So we eat from one feeder.
And you, Stirlitz, I will ask you to stay.
In love I am Einstein!
Truly: smoke American cigarettes - they will say that he sold his homeland.
- What products you prefer - our production, or ... - or. Let it not be patriotically, but I prefer products made in America or in France.
- You made a mistake number, buddy. You have the wrong number.
- You know too much. You will be buried with the honors after the car accident.
- If you are gathering (in war, as in war), you will have to destroy the letter before the straps of your parachute will dismiss. - I can not do this, as I will drag on the ground. But the first thing I will do, who dismissed the parachute, it will destroy the letter.
- A little lies give rise to great distrust.
- Do not complain about memory? - I drink iodine. - And I am vodka. - Where can I get money for vodka? - take a bribe.
- He wakes up exactly twenty minutes.