Denmark - all about the country with photos, cities and sights of Denmark

Denmark is the most detailed information about the country with the photo. Attractions, Denmark, Climate, Geography, Population and Culture.

Denmark - Kongeriget Danmark

Denmark is a state in Northern Europe, located for the most part on the Peninsula of Jutland. This is the most southern country of Scandinavia, which is washed by the Northern and Baltic seas and borders the south with Germany, in the northeast, the cathegate and Eresund from Sweden shed, in the north - Skagerrak shed from Norway. Denmark is a member of the Commonwealth of the Union Kingdom, which also includes the Faroe Islands and Island of Greenland. The state is a constitutional monarchy and a member of the European Union.

Denmark is one of the leading countries of Northern Europe with an interesting story rich in culture and wonderful architecture. She is famous for the heritage of the Vikings, magnificent beaches, beautiful fabulous castles, dense forests, comfortable temperate climates and friendly citizens. Denmark is one of the most progressive and developed countries of Europe, the Motherland of Lego, the famous Tappy Hans Christian Andersen and the legislator of many trends in architecture and design. This is one of the cleanest and most beautiful countries in Europe, which is often considered one of the standards of modern civilization.

Flag of Denmark
Flag of Denmark

Useful information about Denmark

  1. Population - 5.7 million people.
  2. Language - Danish.
  3. Area - 43,094 km 2.
  4. Currency - Danish Crown.
  5. Time - UTC +1, in the summer +2.
  6. Visa - Schengen.
  7. Capital - Copenhagen.
  8. Tips in Denmark are automatically included in the account. Therefore, it is not necessary to leave anything else.
  9. Popular Shopping: Lego, Glasses and Watches, Table Silver and Jewelry, ECCO Shoes, Danish Cheese and other traditional products.
  10. On the Danish beaches, be careful during the tides and do not go far from the shore.
  11. Denmark is one of the most expensive countries in Europe. The average price of the hotel for two is about 80 - 100 euros. Lunch for two persons - 50 - 70 euros.
  12. Automotive movement - right.

Geography and Nature

Denmark is located on the Peninsula. Denmark is the southwest of the Scandinavian Peninsula and separated from Sweden and Norway by the Strait.

Coast of the North Sea
Coast of the North Sea

In terms of relief of Denmark - the country of plains and lowlands. The highest point of the country is an elevation of idilation skidding (173 m). West Jutland is occupied by naval plains and sandy beaches. The North and Eastern part is a hilly plain with small rivers and lakes of glacial origin.

Nature Dani.
Nature Dani.

Despite the fact that in the nature of Denmark, the economic activity of man and agricultural land occupy a major part of the territory, the Danish landscapes are quite picturesque. Forests occupy only 13% of the area and are represented by broad-sized woods with admixtures of pine and fir. In the forests of Denmark, roerals were preserved and noble deer. On the North Sea coast, you can find the Baltic nerve and seals.

Climate

The climate of Denmark is a moderate marine. Winter is soft enough with unstable snow cover and small frosts. The average temperature of the coldest month from 0 ° C to - 1 ° C. Summer is cool with an average temperature from 15 to 20 ° C.

Winter in Copenhagen
Winter in Copenhagen

Best time to visit

The best time to visit the country is Late Spring, Summer and Early Autumn, when warm and relatively little rain. In the offseason and winter in Denmark is pretty cool and windy.

Copenhagen
Copenhagen

History

The first settlements of a person on the territory of modern Denmark are dated to the epoch of the Upper Paleolithic. In the first millennium, the tribes of Kimvrov and Teutons lived here. In the 4th century AD Tribes and Angles came to Danish lands. During the great resettlement of the peoples, they eventually occupied the UK, and the tribes came to replace them. The first mentions of the date are dating 7 - 8 centuries. In the early Middle Ages, they were combined into the generic unions headed by Konoundami.

In the era of Vikings, Dana actively participated in the campaigns to the UK and France, created settlements in Greenland, Iceland, and even in North America. Danish conjants fought with Karl Great and even captured Paris. In the 9th - 10th centuries, the Christianization of Denmark began. At the beginning of the 12th century, the first archbishopstream was formed in Scandinavia. By 1028, Knud Great united Denmark, Norway and England under his authority. However, this state was contemplated immediately after his death and until the 12th century, a series of inter-consumables began in the country.

Vibrag city
Vibrag city

The interdiscructural period was completed in 1157 by King Waldemar I Great. He and his descendants have significantly expanded the boundaries of the Danish kingdom, won pomerania, Mecklenburg and Holstein. In the 14th century, as a result of dynastic marriages, almost all of Scandinavia was under the rule of the Danes. In the 14th - 16th centuries, power in Denmark belonged to the Royal Council (Rigsod), who chose the king. Since 1468, RIGsdag began to be convened (meeting from representatives of different estates), which had little real powers.

In 1536, the Reformation and Denmark became officially fixed. In 1563, the war began against Sweden, which became the first of the series of military conflicts between the two countries. In the 17th century, Denmark became an absolute monarchy and one of the leading powers of Europe. In 1788, serfdom was finally canceled. During the Napoleonic wars, Denmark spoke on the side of France. In 1813 - 1814, the Danish army was defeated by Swedish troops. As a result, the country lost Norway and lost its status of a powerful European power. In the 19th century, during wars with Prussia Denmark lost Schleswig and Holstein.

Faroe islands
Faroe islands

At the end of the 19th - early 20th century, socio-economic transformations were conducted in the country, which significantly improved the life of the Danes. In foreign policy, Denmark adhered to neutrality. In 1939, the Danish government concluded a non-aggression agreement with Germany, but in April 1940, the Germans were still occupied by the country. Denmark was released in 1945 by the British. The state is a member of the EU in fact since 1973.

Administrative division

Denmark is divided into five regions: Hacredden, Zealand, Northern Jutland, Central Jutland and South Denmark. The areas, in turn, are divided into cities and communities.

Faroe Islands and Greenland are autonomous regions, although they are part of the Kingdom of Denmark.

Administrative division
Administrative division

Population

Most of the Denmark population are ethnic Danes. Large diasporas: Germans, friezes, fireers. The official language of the state is Danish, which belongs to the Severogoerman branch of the Group of Indo-European languages. Danish language is quite similar to Norwegian and Swedish, but has an excellent pronunciation. Many Danes speak English and German.

The Danes themselves are polite, punctual and modest. It is accepted immediately after dating each other named and some ease of communication. Also, Danes are law-abiding, have a high sense of social responsibility and appreciate the comfort. At the same time, they are not accepted polite appeals and they often omit "please", "Thank you", "Sorry." But this does not mean that they do not respect you.

Danish landscapes
Danish landscapes

Transport

The largest airport of Denmark and Scandinavia is located in Copenhagen. It is located 8 km from the state capital and is connected to it by train. The second largest airport is Billunn, located in Central Jutland. Other major international airports are located in Aalborg and Aarhus.

Denmark has a railway communication with Germany and Sweden (Hamburg, Stockholm, Malmo, Gothenburg). It is easily accessible to the car on the autobahn of Germany or from Sweden along the bridge through the Strait of Ereinsun. Also, Denmark has a regular ferry message with some cities of Northern Germany and other Scandinavian countries.

Cities of Denmark and popular destinations

Copenhagen - the capital of Denmark and one of the most beautiful cities in Europe
Copenhagen - the capital of Denmark and one of the most beautiful cities in Europe

Popular city Denmark:

  • Copenhagen is the capital of the Danish kingdom and the country's largest city. Known by its historic center, licked by church spiers, historical buildings, narrow alleys and excellent stores. This is once a small fishing village now is a modern megalopolis with a cozy atmosphere, rich cultural and nightlife.
  • Aarhus is the largest city on the Peninsula of Jutland and the second largest city of Denmark, which offers an elegant combination of a friendly atmosphere and charm of a small city with beautiful pubs, restaurants and romantic seats.
  • Aalborg is a picturesque city in Northern Jutland.
  • Helsingør (Elsinor) is a beautiful city in the northeastern part of Zealand Island with a picturesque historical center. It is known, first of all, an impressive Camborg castle, in which the famous Shakespearean "Hamlet" takes place.
  • Esbjerg is a city on the west coast of Jutland, a fisheries center and offshore industry.
  • Ribe is the oldest city of Denmark, located in her southwestern part. Known perfectly preserved medieval center.
  • Herning is a small town located on the picturesque beaches of the west coast of Jutland.
  • Kalunnborg is an ancient city with medieval brick houses, the ruins of two ancient castles and the magnificent Church of the Virgin Mary.
  • Odense - the main city of the island of Funen and the third largest city of Denmark, as well as the Motherland H. K. Andersen.
  • Roskill is the old capital of Denmark, located in the eastern part of Zealand. Here is the largest Christian Cathedral in the country and the famous Viking Museum.
  • Silkeborg is the main city of the lake edge, which many Danes consider the most beautiful city of the kingdom.
  • Skagen is one of the most famous resorts of Scandinavia, famous for its yellow houses and a special "light", which attracts many artists.
City Ribe.
City Ribe.

Popular directions:

  • Ancholt is the island in the Strait of the Cattegat with one of the largest populations of seals in Scandinavia.
  • Ertaincholman is a group of islands with a bird nature reserve and old defensive structures.
  • Fans is an island in the North Sea with a variety of natural landscapes.
  • Bornholm is a picturesque Danish island in the Baltic Sea, known for its fishing, decorative and applied fishery and a wonderful provincial atmosphere.
  • Samsu is the most "eco-friendly" island of Denmark, on which heat and energy are made exclusively renewable sources. Also known an annual music festival.
  • Picturesque white cliffs of the islands of Mong and Cape Stevens.
Odense
Odense

Attractions Dania

the little Mermaid
the little Mermaid

Mermaid - bronze statue, which depicts the character of the famous fairy tale H. K. Andersen. It was opened in 1913 and is now a real symbol of Copenhagen. The statue was performed by Edward Eriksen in order to order the son of the founder of CARLSBERG brewery.

New Harbor
New Harbor

New Harbor (Nyhavn) is one of the most beautiful places in Copenhagen with ancient colorful houses, restaurants and ships. This charming quarter is known for its wonderful atmosphere and is one of the main attractions of the Danish capital.

Tivoli
Tivoli

Tivoli is one of the oldest amusement parks in Europe, created in 1843. It has a huge choice of attractions, including American roller coaster, carousel, theaters of dolls, restaurants, cafes, gardens and even the Moorish concert hall. Tivoli is a real symbol of Copenhagen and the inspirer of many other well-known thematic parks.

Kristiansborg.
Kristiansborg.

Kristiansborg - Royal Castle and the Residence of the Danish Parliament Folketing. Located in the historic center of Copenhagen on the island of Slotsholmen. In the Middle Ages, the bishop castle was built here, destroyed in the 14th century.

Amalienborg.
Amalienborg.

Amalienborg - Palace Complex in Copenhagen in Rococo style, built in the 18th century. Its architecture combines both German and French stylistic elements. Initially, it was built as a palace known, but soon became the winter residence of the Danish royal family.

Frederiksborg.
Frederiksborg.

Frederiksborg is the residence of the Danish kings in the city of Hillerode, which is a masterpiece of the Danish Renaissance. The palace was built between the 16th and 17th centuries. Now in his walls is the Museum of National History.

Bridge Erezun
Bridge Erezun

The Eresund Bridge is one of the most famous engineering structures of Scandinavia. This automotive bridge has a length of more than 10 km and connects Copenhagen, Zealand Island and Sweden.

Kronborg.
Kronborg.

Kronborg is one of the most famous attractions of Denmark, which is included in the UNESCO World Heritage Site. This beautiful vintage castle is known as the place of action of the tragedy of William Shakespeare "Hamlet" and is located in Elsinor. The current look he gained in 1640.

Egueskov
Egueskov

Eguez - a fabulous castle on the island of Funen, located 30 minutes. from Odense. It is one of the most well-preserved castles with a moat in Europe. This excellent structure of the Renaissance was built in 1554 and was originally used for defense goals.

Den Gamle
Den Gamle

Den Gamel - an open-air museum in Aarhus, which is divided into three quarters illustrating life in Denmark in the Middle Ages, 19 and 20th century.

Museum of Viking
Museum of Viking

The Viking Museum is one of the most interesting museums of Denmark, which allows you to touch the era of the Vikings. The pearls of the collection are five ancient ships that were carefully restored. The museum is located in Roskille.

Accommodation

Accommodation in Denmark is expensive. The average price for the double room varies in the 800 Danish crowns area (107 €). Of course, you can always find something cheaper - the hotel by the type "Bed Breakfast", hostel or at all camping. By the way, in Denmark about 500 campgrounds, most of which are well equipped with modern amenities.

Hotel in Denmark
Hotel in Denmark

Kitchen

Danish national cuisine is a combination of Scandinavian and German culinary traditions. The dishes are characterized here simplicity, they are nutritious and distinctive.

Traditional food:

  • Marinated herring.
  • Stjerneskud - Cambali fillets, shrimp and mayonnaise.
  • Røget Ål OG Røræg - scrambled eggs with smoked eel.
  • Pariserbøf - Cutting beef with capers, horseradish, onions.
  • Dyrlægens Natmad - liver pate, slice of equalone, onion rings.
  • Flæskesteg - slices of fried pork with pickled red cabbage.
  • Hakkebøf - Fried beef cutlets with onions, egg and salty cucumbers.
  • Shrimps and other seafood.
  • Old cheese.

Avoid tourist places where there is no Dane. The popularity of the institution among the locals is almost always a quality indicator.

The most popular drink is beer, which is mainly represented by the lager. The largest CARLSBERG brewery (which also owns the Tuborg brand), cooks several types of foam drink. Also in Denmark Aquavit (SNAPS) and Winter Gløgg (hot wine drink).

Where is Denmark on the world map

The kingdom of Denmark extends on the lands of Northern Europe. It is located on the Eurasian mainland. Among the Scandinavian countries, the state occupies the most southern geographical positions. Where to look for Denmark on the map?

Denmark on the world map

The Baltic and North Sea is washed by the coastal line of Denmark. Denmark includes Faroe Islands and Greenland. Among the Danish territories, the Peninsula of Jutland is listed. As part of 409 Danish island formations.

The area of ​​the state is pretty small - just over 43 thousand square meters. KM .

At sea, the kingdom borders with Norway and Germany, as well as Sweden. The highest point of the country - peak iding skidding. Its height is 173 meters. The length of the coastline of Denmark is calculated in 7314 km.

Card Denmark in Russian

Card Denmark in Russian

Relief Dania

Danish relief is solid lowlands, hills and plains. The most significant river on the territory of Denmark is called Guidno. There are many lakes and agricultural land in the country. Mixed forests grow on the hills slopes.

The climate in the Danish kingdom is predominantly marine. The sea has a huge importance to the country. Denmark can be considered a marine power, because its exits to large water are extensive, and the Danes are actively used by this circumstance.

Danish administrative device

All the land of the kingdom are divided by 14 am months. These areas are combined in 5 major regions. Each Danish city is divided into communes. More cities can share to urban districts. Greenland and Faroe Islands are autonomous regions for Denmark. They have their own self-government.

Where is Denmark on the map

Russians mainly can very much to answer the question of where Denmark is located. And the details of the life, culture, the state device are generally familiar to units. Meanwhile, Denmark is a state with a very interesting history, developed economy and special entry.

Where is Dania

Geographical position

So where is Denmark? In the very north of Europe, in Scandinavia. The boundaries of the country are washed by the waters of the North and Baltic seas. By land, it is adjacent to Germany, in water - with Norway and Sweden. The country area together with water spaces is 700 thousand square meters. km. Surah occupies only 42 thousand square meters. km. The country's coastline is 7300 km. The numerous islands of Denmark are also counted here. The country includes formally and Greenland, but she has its own management, which makes it independent. The singularity of the state is that it owns a large number of islands (about 400), of which 80 are inhabited. The largest island is Zealand. Many island parts are so close to each other, which is interconnected by bridges.

Denmark as a whole extends to the plain territories, only in the center of the peninsula of Jutland there are small ridges of hills. The highest point of the country is 170 meters above sea level (Mollah Hill), and the average height of the territories is about 30 meters. Denmark's shores are distinguished by intricate, rugged fjords, shape.

The country is very rich in water resources, about a dozen rivers flows here, the longest of which is buzz. 60% of Denmark Lands are suitable for agriculture. During the country's rapid settlement of the country, natural forests were almost destroyed, and today the state spends many resources for their recovery. Every year, there are oaks and beats about 3 thousand hectares. The country is actively developing in its territory of oil, limestone, natural gas, salt, chalk, sand, gravel.

State language Dani.

History of the country

In those places where Denmark is today, the first people appeared about 10 thousand years ago. They walked with more southern territories after the retreating glacier. Sustainable culture has a sufficiently high development formed here in 2 millennia BC. At the beginning of the new era in the north of Europe, the tribes of Danov, who actively won the Earth south of Jutland and in England. The genes of the tribes living in the territory of modern Denmark became one of the significant components in the formation of the English ethnos. In the Middle Ages, the Danish tribes of the Viking became famous for their militia. They successfully captured the lands in the area of ​​the Sena River and created Duchy Normandy there. Success accompanied them and in the conquest of English territories. In the 10-11 century, England was almost completely in submission of the Danish king of the second and paid him a tribute. In the 11th century, the territory of Denmark was very large, included parts of modern Norway, Germany, Sweden. But in later, serious internal disagreements began between the ruling forces and clergy. The 13th century was the time of the protracted civil wars, but the kings of Waldemar fourth, Eric Copenhagen, Christian the first and queen Margrete actively suppressed internal resistance and won the conquest of new lands. Up to the 15th century, Denmark strengthened its position in Europe, in the 16th century Protestantism penetrates into the country and becomes a state religion. In the 16th century there is a rapid development of Danish culture.

At the same time, the country throughout its history almost unsubscribed in various wars, in the north of Europe, the struggle for the territory, various nations, which are part of the state periodically raised the uprisings, also systematically had conflicts between the people and aristocracy. In the 18-19 century, there are serious social and political transformations in the country, the monarchs try to reduce the influence of the Church and give the opportunity to the people to live better. Strong external pressure does not stop, especially many friction was with Sweden. At the beginning of the 19th century, Denmark becomes a constitutional monarchy, after which the "golden" age comes, there are many outstanding scientists, artists, philosophers. However, in the second half of the 19th century, new times comes, after the war, Denmark loses a large number of land. The beginning of the 20th century is commemorated by domestic political struggle, a multi-party system is established in the country, socialist moods are growing. In 1936, Denmark concludes a non-aggression agreement with Germany, but still in 1940 the Germans occupied the country. Liberation came along with the British army in 1945. For several decades, the country conducted negotiations on joining the European Union and in 1996 became a full member of the Schengen Agreement.

Denmark on the map

Climate

The climatic zone where Denmark is located is in the power of the influence of the warm current of the Gulf Stream. There is a moderate marine climate with a very large amount of precipitation in the country. On average, a year in Denmark drops from 600 to 800 mm of precipitation. The rainy season is autumn. In the country, cool short summer and wet, soft winter. On average, the thermometer in the summer rises to 18 degrees of heat, and in the winter is held in the zero area. Snow Pokrov in Denmark keeps no more than 3 weeks a year. The best time to visit Denmark is the period from May to September, but then you need to be prepared for the fact that it will rain at any time.

Denmark State

Administrative-territorial division

Since 2007, Denmark, on the map of which five territorial units are distinguished, refused to divide its territory to the communes, as it was before. Now the country is divided into five districts, in them, in turn, the cities and communes are distinguished. Traditionally, the Danes themselves divide their country to 4 large parts: South, Central and North Denmark and Zealand, the capital region is holding a mansion. Each district and cities have their own elected bodies - representative advice. Greenland and Faroe Islands are endowed with special status and are autonomous units, with their own laws and management.

Center Denmark

Capital Denmark

The largest city in the country and its capital - Copenhagen - is located on the Islands of Zealand, Amaager, Slotsholmen. The settlement leads its history from the 12th century. At that time, Denmark on the map of Europe was a rather significant state and over time only gained strength, as well as its capital. Today, Copenhagen is the safest megalopolis of Europe. 569 thousand people live in the city, and if we count the entire agglomeration - then more than 1.1 million. The population density in the capital is very high - approximately 6.2 thousand people per square meter. km. But this does not have a negative impact on the quality of life. The city is very comfortable for living, its 10 districts and four suburban areas have created very prosperous conditions for living. Copenhagen is rich in attractions and museums, but most of all visits amazing the absolutely peaceful atmosphere of the city. It is pleasant to walk here, considering architecture monuments and breathing fresh air from the sea.

Denmark population density

State device

Denmark is a constitutional monarchy. Officially, the head of Denmark is the king, today - Queen Margaret, it manages the country together with Parliament, the Government and Prime Minister. The queen is mainly representative functions, it leads the armed forces, takes parades, meets foreign guests. All major tasks of the performance authorities lie at the Prime Minister, he is subject to the heads of the country's counties. In Denmark, a multi-party system has been established, trade unions are considerable political strength.

National currency

Despite the fact that Denmark is a member of the European Union, the country has its own monetary unit - Danish Crown. In one crown - 100 era. Modern banknotes in 50, 100, 200, 500 and 1000 crowns began to be issued in 1997. Since 2009, a new series banknotes have been issued in turnover. Denmark's financial center - Copenhagen, in which the country's mint produces all bills and coins in circulation. Here is the largest stock exchange in Northern Europe.

Prices in Denmark

Population

Today, 5.7 million people live in Denmark, the number of men and women is almost equal, the difference is 1 percent in favor of women. Denmark's population density is 133 people per square meters. m. The prosperous economic situation and stability in the country contributes to the fact that every year the population increases by about 20 thousand people, mortality is slightly behind the birth rate. About 65% of the inhabitants of the country belong to the working age, it contributes to the economic well-being of the state. The average life expectancy in Denmark is 78.6 years old, it is 7 years higher than the global indicator. The migration crisis, which covered Europe today, almost did not affect Denmark, although the number of visitors is about 20 thousand people per year. But the government imposes major requirements for migrants, so while the thread manages to restrain.

Language and religion

The officially recognized state language of Denmark is Danish. It speaks about 96% of the population. Danish tongue occurred from the journalial language, but during autonomous development acquired unique features, so an understanding between residents of different countries of Northern Europe would be difficult if they did not communicate in English. Also in the turn of some part of the inhabitants German, Greenland and Faroean languages. In addition, 86% of the population speak English, 58% - German, 12% - French.

The official religion of the country is the Lutheran Church of the Danish People, according to the Constitution, the monarch must confess this religion. And although the Danes are not very religious, 81% of the population says that he confesses the state religion, i.e. are parishioners of the church. According to the Constitution, the freedom of religion is guaranteed in Denmark and there are Muslim, Buddhist and Jewish communities in the country.

Islands Denmark

Economy

Denmark is a country with a well-developed economy, inflation here is only 2.4%, the budget surplus is calculated in a 400 billion dollars. The country's economy is one of the most sustainable in Europe. The presence of own oil and gas deposits allowed the country to avoid dependence on world energy prices. Denmark is distinguished by highly efficient and technological agriculture. The leading industry is meat and dairy production. But also developed cultivation of potatoes, wheat, vegetables of everyday demand, sugar beet. Cooperative form of management creates about 80% of all agricultural products of the country. Therefore, consumer prices in Denmark are low with a fairly large average wage. The country is distinguished by a high level of development of modern technologies, in due time the state made a jerk in industrialization and today it brings fruits. Modern enterprises of the metallurgical, light, chemical industry, as well as engineering create high-quality and competitive goods. About 40% of national income provides industry. The services market are also growing and developing.

Culture

Denmark is a country with a richest cultural heritage, which here is carefully preserved and promoted. At one time, the State language of Denmark became the uniting principle of the country and the literature played an important role in this. The most famous Danish writer is G.-H. Andersen, although there are a lot of other significant authors, for example, Peter Heg and his novel "Snowy feeling Smillla." Denmark is a country of locks and architectural monuments of different historical eras, only world-class monuments here are about 600. I made Denmark to contribute to the development of world cinema, director Lars von Trier forever made her name in the history of cinema.

Quality and Features of Life

Danes are a hardworking and calm people. Due to the fact that they have always had to fight for existence with nature and external forces, as well as in part Protestantism, the nation formed a special type of character. Danes work a lot and hardly, they are accustomed to stable supply, but they are not enough excessive consumption. This is a very practical people. Therefore, life in Denmark is quite comfortable. There are no strong social events here, because the government pays a lot of attention to social protection of the population. Denmark ranks fifth in the world to assess the quality of life index. And it says about many.

Country of DenmarkDenmark (Denmark) is a small Scandinavian state located on the Peninsula of Jutland and Islands. Copenhagen is the capital of the country, which is located on the largest island of Zealand. The Danish kingdom has existed over a thousand years, in different periods of the country included Sweden, Norway, Finland. Today, the Queen of Margaret V. reigns in Denmark.

History of the Danish Kingdom

First Danes appeared In the territories of modern Denmark more than 100 thousand years ago. It is difficult to tell what they were. Initially, the Peninsula of Jutland was settled by Teutonic and Kimvski tribes, and in the 4th century the British and Utah came here. In the VIII century, the Kingdom of Denmark turned into a warlike country of Vikings. Brave seawards were organized and participated in military campaigns, faving fear and horror on French and English settlements.

In the Middle Ages, the territory of Denmark expanded, the first monarchical dynasty appeared. But since the local nobility did not want to give power into one-sole rule, then the clashes between the monarch and the privileged estate were common. So, in the XV century, all power passed to the State Council - Rixor, who had the right to choose the king.

XX century for the Danish kingdom marked lifting Economy. Support from the United States and social reforms were very useful. The state treasury, devastated during the Second World War, was replenished and strengthened. At the same time, Denmark began to actively participate in the life of the world community. The country initiated the creation of NATO and the UN.

Geography Dania

General area Countries are 42,394 square meters. km. Where is Denmark? Denmark from the Scandinavian Peninsula is separated by the sea. From Norway by the Strait of Skagerrak, and by the sides of Sweden, the cathegat and eiresund. In the country one land line - a border with Germany, the length of which is 68 km.

Where is Denmark on the world map

Country of Denmark on the world mapThe Danish kingdom is located in the northern part of the Middle Eastern Plain and occupies the transitional location between the Scandinavian Peninsula and Mainland Europe. From the north to south extends 360 km and from East to West - 480 km. The Danish archipelago includes about 500 islands and it is located between the strait of the catgate and the Baltic Sea. The length of the country's coastline is 7439 km. There are no places in Denmark where it would be more than 60 km from the seac.

Besides its own territories, part of the former Colony Danish kingdom:

  • Faroe islands;
  • Greenland Island.

They received self-government and place in the parliament of the country. The Faroe Islands are in possession of Denmark since 1375, self-government - since 1947. They are removed north of Scotland by 370 km. Square of Greenland (the largest island in the world) is 2,176,600 square meters. km. And only 342,600 square meters. km. Not covered with ice. Under the rule of Denmark, the island was from 1730, in 1954 he was proclaimed part of the state and in 1978 Greenland became autonomous.

Nature

Denmark landscapes are mainly consisting of Plain reliefs. Only in the east and north of Jutland relief is replaced by stone ridges and small hills. In the same part of the state there is most of the lakes. If we argue about rivers, then there are no large rivers in the kingdom. Small and small rivers resemble ordinary forest streams. The only long river is buzz.

On 14% of the country's territory grows forests. Wetlands, agricultural land and empty, overgrown with heather fall on the rest. During the base of new localities, wood species of plants were almost completely destroyed, therefore forest belts in the kingdom were created artificially.

Climate

Weather conditions depend on the geographical position of Denmark and the warm current of Golfustrum. The state has a marine, temperate climate with great number rains. The average precipitation per year is 600-800 mm. Autumn is considered the rainy time of the year. Summer in Denmark is short-lived and cool, but winter is soft and wet. The average temperature in the summer is 18 degrees, in the winter - about 0 degrees. Snow cover in the country is held no more than 21 days.

A favorable time to visit the kingdom is the period from May to September, but you need to be ready for plenty of rain.

State

Queen MargaretThe form of the rule of Denmark (Wikipedia) is a constitutional monarchy. The official ruler is the king. The queen Margaret rules the state together with the Prime Minister, the Government and Parliament. The head of Denmark performs mainly executive functions - takes parades and heads of other states, heads armed forces. All executive lies on the shoulders of the Prime Minister, all areas of the country are subject to him.

Capital Denmark

Capital Copenhagen is the largest city of Denmark. The first settlements here appeared in the XII century. At that time, Denmark on the map of Europe just began to gain power, like its capital.

Today, the capital of the Danish kingdom is considered the most Safe City-megapolis in Europe. The population is 570 thousand people, and in agglomeration - more than 1 million people. Copenhagen has a high population density - about 6.1 thousand people per square meter. km. But this fact does not affect the life of the Danes. The city is comfortable and comfortable for accommodation.

Copenhagen is rich in museums and attractions, but most tourists are striking the peaceful and calm atmosphere of the city. It is pleasant to walk, looking at the sights and breathing fresh sea air.

Population

According to 2015, 5,681,820 people live in the Danish Kingdom. Including in large cities :

  • Population of DenmarkCopenhagen 1 097 188 people;
  • in Aarhus 219 004 people;
  • in Odense 146,300 people;
  • In Aalborg 120 058 people.

Average Duration The life of the male population is 78 years old, female - 86 years. The age composition:

  • from 1 to 17 years-21.2%;
  • from 18 to 66-65.3%;
  • Older 67-13.8%.

There are more than 2 million families in the country, from 100 families about 53 live in their own homes.

The bulk of the population of Scandinavian origin. Germans, inuits, friezes, fireers and immigrants make up small groups. According to the latest estimates of immigrants in the country, 6.3%.

Religion and language

According to the calculations of 2002, 84.4% of the Danes are members of the Danish People's Church relating to Lutherancy. But 2005 surveys have shown that Denmark is an instant country:

  • Believers Dane - 32%;
  • Other believers (in the spirit and strength of life) - 48%;
  • Do not believe in anything - 18%.

According to statistics, believer The population is less than in Estonia, Sweden and the Czech Republic. The remaining Danes adhere to other denominations of Christianity. These are Baptists, Catholics, Adventists, Methodists, supporters of the Danish Pentecostal Movement and the Salvation Army. Muslims in the country about 3%.

The main language of the country is Danish, it says most of the population. Citizens who live near the border with Germany, also speak German. Many residents of large cities and young people speak English well.

Attractions Dania

Denmark is a country with a rich heritage of culture, which is carefully guarded here. The kingdom is famous for the whole world by ancient castles and historical architectures. There are about 600 monuments of world importance. The past of the Viking countries perfectly demonstrate centuries-old attractions, most of which are located in the largest cities:

  1. Copenhagen cityCopenhagen - Pearl of vintage cities in Europe. The main symbol of the city, marked on all tourist maps - the statue of Mermaid famous for the whole world (Anderson's fairy tale character), which is in the port. Copenhagen is famous for the abundance of historical, architectural and cultural monuments. Thus, the most famous of them are the Palace Complex Amalienborg, Rosenborg Castles, Kristiansborg, Fredensborg and Bernstorf, Park-Garden Tivoli, Exchange, Town Hall Copenhagen, National and State Museum of Arts, Torvaldsen Museum. And also worth seeing the Church of the Savior and the Church of Frederick, the Orthodox Church of Alexander Nevsky, Museum of Contemporary Art Louisiana, Copenhagen University, Opera House.
  2. Aarhus. - Second city in magnitude. Located on the peninsula of Jutland, on the shore of the beautiful bay. This is a cultural and business center Denmark. Anarchor is also called the city of universities, as many famous colleges and universities are concentrated here. Main attraction - Old Town. This is the so-called house-museum located in an open-air, which presents different buildings. But the sights of the city are the Church of Our Lady, the Cathedral of the Holy Clement, the New Town Hall, the Museums of Vikings and the Prehistory, the castle of Marcelisborg. Known Aarhus and Annual Cultural Event - "Aarhus Festival", on which residents of European states come to.
  3. Odense cityOdense - Motherland of Anderson's storyteller, in honor of him there was a monument on the central square of the city. Openly is the Writer Museum. The city has picturesque views, quiet and calm streets, green plantings, cozy restaurants and cafes. The sights can be attributed to the Church of St. Albany and St. Hans, the art museum and the Funes Village Museum, an ancient moon yard and a nun hill. It is worth seeing the castle of Egueskov, located 30 km from Odense.
  4. City Olborg. Also famous for different attractions. Attention should be paid to the City Town Hall, the Cathedral of the Holy Spirit, the Palace of Olborg, the House of the merchant of Ens Banga, the monastery of the Holy Spirit, as well as to the largest zoo in Denmark. Here are the Museum of Contemporary Art and the Museum of Shipping.

Among all the attractions of Denmark, it is worth highlighting Frederixborg and Kronborg castles, the famous Children's Park Legoland, the beautiful white cliffs of MONS CLINT and the Islands of the Faroe Archipelago.

Denmark is rich in cultural and history monuments
Denmark is rich in cultural and history monuments.

The Kingdom of Denmark (at Danish Kongeriget Danmark) is a small Scandinavian country. It is also called the "pearl". This little kingdom is rich in cultural and history monuments. And recently has been particularly popular among tourists and travelers. Often Denmark are associated from the birthplace of the great storyteller H.K. Anderson. And if you are fans of Andersen's creativity or just a fan of the Scandinavian countries, then you are probably interested in the question where Denmark is located?

The state is located mainly on the islands. It includes more than 400 islands. If you look at the map, then Denmark is located in the southwest of Sweden and in the south of Norway. The shores of this state are washed by the two seas of the Baltic and Northern. The only border passing by this border with Germany.

The history of the development of the state of Denmark

The first mentions of the tribes of Dana, who lived in the Yutland Peninsula dates back to 5-6 centuries. Since the "Dana" tribes actively participated in the conquest of new lands, joining all new territories to their possessions. And already in the 10th century such a state appears as Denmark. After the head of the state became Valdemar I, the Great ceased period of the internecine wars, who had a place in connection with the kings constantly changed on the throne, and the southern coast of the Baltic Sea was included in the state.

After the opposition began between the king and the top of the authorities. The king had to make concessions and an agreement was made, in accordance with it, the king undertakes to rule under the laws and customs of the country, and should know the king. After concluding a marriage between the daughter of the Danish king by Margarita and the Norwegian King of the Coconium VI and after the death of the latter, two monarchies were combined. Subsequently, Margarita Danish became also headed by Sweden.

The Union of Three States - Denmark, Norway, Sweden headed Margarita Danish
The Union of Three States - Denmark, Norway, Sweden headed Margarita Danish.

And soon the Union of these three states was formed, which was headed by Margarita. But the existence of the Union was not particularly long, since the conflicts that took place between the allies spoiled the relations of three countries. In Denmark, war and various shocks took place, as well as reforms and conspiracies. Many reforms were carried out by Johann Friedrich Stunze by a statesman at the board of a crazy Christian VII. All this led to the abolition of serfdom in Denmark in 1788.

The first half of the 19th century is marked by various changes, which led to the fact that the first constitution is taken. It happened in 1848. During World War II, Germany occupied Denmark. Only after liberation from the occupation, the restoration of the country's economy has begun after military shocks. This considerable role was played by the financial assistance of America.

After a seven-year preparatory work by the Constitutional Commission in 1953, a constitution was adopted, operating until today. The Constitution Along with other transformations allowed to inherit the throne on the female line. What happened in 1972. The head of Denmark became Margrenet II. Queen Margrete heads the country until today.

Capital Denmark

The capital of Denmark is the city of Copenhagen (Copenhagen). On the map of Denmark, you will undoubtedly find the city of Copenhagen. Based on the place of a small village of Havn. At first, Copenhagen, who received the status of the city in 1254, becomes the residence of the king, and later the capital of Denmark. Unlike European capitals, the city is characterized by its geographical location. It is in the depths of the country near the sea.

Copenhagen is the largest city in the kingdom with a population of more than a million three hundred people. The capital occupies a leading position in many areas. And a good location, the city intersects the main sea, land and air lines, played a role in choosing a priority industry and economy. This shipping and Copenhagen can be called its center.

Interestingly, the Denmark flag is used since 1219, from the moment of development, and it is the oldest flag used at present. Copenhagen is not a gift called the cycling capital. 80 percent of residents have bicycles, and moves exclusively on them.

Also, the city boasts a university founded back in 1479, which is among the top ten in Europe. The statue of the Mermaid from the Tales of the same name Andersen is also located in the city of Copenhagen. The statue has become a kind of symbol of all Denmark.

Population of Denmark

Inhabit Denmark mostly descendants of the ancient tribes "Danov". The share of immigrants is completely insignificant. The population live mostly in cities, although the cities in Denmark are not big. The number does not exceed 15 thousand people. The main occupation of the population is associated with the activities of small and medium-sized enterprises.

It is worth noting that the duration of the working week in Denmark is only 33 hours. What undoubtedly affects the nature of people living in the country. They differ peacefulness, credulity and restraint. Perhaps therefore, according to research, the happiest people in the world live in Denmark. Many residents of Denmark adhere to a healthy lifestyle, despite their love for baking and multi-layer sandwiches.

What interesting for a tourist?

Many travelers go to Denmark to enjoy the national cuisine, which is very diverse. Danes themselves call their kitchen the best. It is necessary when visiting Denmark should try such a national dish as a Surrebrode. It is something other as a sandwich having many layers. But with various components.

Danish Sunwashing Togrhred is a piece of rye bread, and then on a sandwich can be all that your soul. And in height, fetrersion differs from ordinary sandwiches. Salted oil or pate is smeared on a slice of bread, vegetables, greens of various seafood, and meat delicacies are added.

Danish multi-layered sandwich with shrimps, meatballs, roast pork and fried mutton dishes that should try anyone who is going to visit this country. However, do not forget that Denmark is a pretty expensive country. This should be remembered wheezing to enjoy national dishes. Although Denmark is beautiful at any time of the year and everyone will find something special for themselves.

The most favorable time for tourists who want to buy when visiting Denmark is the month of July and August, it is then the sea warms well.

And the beaches in Denmark are sandy and very beautiful. And for tourists with children of Denmark this place where you can arrange the children a real fairy tale. Yes, and parents themselves will be able to plunge into an unforgettable atmosphere of childhood when visiting Legolend (Legolend) and "Tivoli".

Tivoli Amusement Park (dates. Sommer-Tivoli) is located in the very center of the capital of Denmark. Park with attractions, fountains, as well as places for recreation and amazing design, will undoubtedly find something to surprise visitors. Legoland Park is located in Bellund. It is worth noting that the world-famous brand of the designer LEGO was invented in Denmark in 1949.

The park is fully made of the details of the LEGO designer
The park is completely made of the details of the LEGO designer.

And that is why the first fleet of Legoland appeared in Denmark. If you have children, then you just need to visit this park. The park is completely made of the details of the LEGO designer. For children, this is a real miracle, and adults will be delighted with an amazing spectacle awaiting all guests of the amusement park. Tourists will be delighted with this small, but beautiful country.

sights

Many things are wondering what can be viewed when visiting Denmark. A large number of monuments and attractions are located in Copenhagen, because the number of tourists visiting this city is growing every year. The rest here will be to the soul and connoisseurs of quiet walks and those who are accustomed to relax actively.

Many monuments have a centuries-old history. And, perhaps, lovers of various eras will be able to find monuments in the shower. Monuments remained in Copenhagen and from the Viking era, cathedrals and churches in the Romanesque and Gothic style. Castles, and houses in the style of Baroque and Rococo. The most recommended sites for visiting in Denmark can be called such as:

  • National Museum and Museum under the Open Sky;
  • Kristiansborg Palace;
  • Palace Amalienborg;
  • Ereysoon bridge.

This is only a small list of those places, visiting that you will forever fall in love with the country to Denmark. There are still a lot of things that you can, visiting the kingdom.

Добавить комментарий